Gilbert, Elisha: Evidence for his Connection to Granddaughter, Harriet (Dickinson) Light

This document was prepared for the Genealogy Department of the NSDAR, March 2013. On April 10th, my supplemental application was approved, so Elisha Gilbert is now confirmed as a Patriot Ancestor, the fourth soldier of the name to be so honored.

Executive Summary

1.Relating to Elisha Gilbert’s birth date and residence during the Revolutionary War.

Item #1, attached. Elisha Gilbert’s name on a 1781 tax list in Poultney VT, part of which later became Middletown.

Item #2, attached. Volume I, page 52 of the Middletown VT land records, which states that Elisha Gilbert recorded his marriage date and children’s birthdates in March 1785 in Middletown.

2. Relating to the link between generations 6 and 7, Harriet (Dickinson) Light and David and Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson.

Item #3, attached. Parallel deeds from David Dickinson to Harriet (Dickinson) Light and to Jane (Dickinson) Stephen, which along with similar deeds in the case argument following to six other Dickinsons in Clermont Co OH, demonstrate a clear parent-child pattern.

3. Relating to the link between generations 7 and 8, Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson and Elisha Gilbert.

Item #4, attached. Elisha Gilbert is named as the father of Rachel (Gilbert) Stephens in Plowdon Stevens, Stephens-Stevens Genealogy, page 105, included with title page on page 72 of supplemental application document.

Item #5, attached. Elisha Gilbert is named as the father of Chloe (Gilbert) Gillespie in History of Steuben Co NY, 1879, page 138, included with title page on page 75 of supplemental application document.

Item #7. Evidence of the relationship existing between Anna and David Dickinson, Chloe Gillespie and Ebenezer Gilbert is given in Section III of the attached document, pages 12-15.


Section I. Identifying the Parents and Family of Harriet (Dickinson) Light from New Richmond, Clermont County, Ohio

I have known since 1966 that the mother of my great-great-grandfather, Rev. Oliver Perry Light, was named Harriet Dickinson. Unfortunately, while Rev. Light left extensive notes about his paternal ancestry and both sides of his wife’s family, he said nothing more about his mother than the dates of her birth and death, and the places where the Light family lived.

On my first visit to the NSDAR library in 1970, I used the card catalog to locate an Edgar County, Illinois, history that further confirmed her identity and gave general clues to her origin.[1] These included the likelihood that she was married in Clermont County, Ohio.

Her 1850 census states that she was born in Wyoming, New York,[2] although her children had been born in Clermont County, Ohio. The connection between the Light and Dickinson families in New Richmond, Clermont County, Ohio, was important as I tried to identify her parents. With not much to go on back then, the townships in which various Dickinson families resided and the fact that the Lights and the Dickinsons were near neighbors in the town of New Richmond seemed a valid piece of evidence.

There have been many researchers studying the Light name and for some time I subscribed to the SearchLight, a family newsletter, concentrating my efforts on Clermont County. During this time I was able to obtain published lists of the Dickinson[3] and Light marriages from that county.[4]

The first breakthough in this family came when my aunt, Ramona Armstrong Duff (NSDAR Nat’l No. 661089, former Oklahoma State Registrar), copied my research in 1969 and became interested herself in our family’s history; on a trip to Salt Lake City she located transcripts of four deeds in Clermont County that named Harriet Light. I obtained copies of the four original deeds involving David Dickinson, whom I now believe to be Harriet’s father,[5] all included in the supplemental application.

The four deeds, all made by David Dickinson on 12 Dec 1832 and recorded on 22 and 23 Oct 1835, for $1.00, are as follows:

o      to David W. Dickinson, mentioning adjoining lands belonging to Nancy and Harriet.[6]

o      to William F. Dickinson, mentioning adjoining land of David W. Dickinson and Nancy and Harriet.

o      to Jane Dickinson, mentioning neighbors Jacob Light[7] and D. Light.[8]

o      to Elizabeth Dickinson, mentioning David and Francis, and in the next line, David W. Dickinson and Wm. F. Dickinson, plus Jane Dickinson.[9]

Since submitting the supplemental, I received copies of the relevant indices of the Clermont County Deed Book and more deeds have come to light, as follows, also for $1.00 made on 12 Dec 1832:[10]

o      to Caroline Boles, mentioning lands of C. G. Dickinson, D. W. Dickinson, and D. Light, recorded 26 Apr 1833, Clermont Co Deed Book E-29: 324, 325.

o      to Harriet Light, mentioning D. W. and Wm F. Dickinson, recorded 20 May 1833, Deed Book E-29: 404, 405. Her land was “an undivided half” of the same property deed to Nancy Ann Searl.

o      to Nancy A Searl, mentioning D. W. and Wm F. Dickinson, recorded 23 May 1833, Deed Book E-29: 412, 413. At one place David’s name is spelled Dickerson. Her land was “an undivided half” of the same property deed to Harriet Light.

o      to Charles G. Dickinson, mentioning Caroline Boles, Elizabeth Dickinson, and Jacob Light, recorded 5 December 1834, Deed Book H-32: 306, 307.

I would have been happy if this supplemental had been approved immediately, but needing more documentary evidence did lead me to a more complete set of deeds, which clearly name the eight individuals, including five women, to whom David Dickinson sold his land for $1.00 each. One of them is named in a Louisa County, Iowa, book as the daughter of David and Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson; the fact of these all being the children of David and Anna is reinforced in the census record, by David’s giving land to married women and not to their husbands, and by Nancy Ann Searl and Harriet Light each possessing “an undivided half” of one tract of land.

David Dickinson’s census record was included in the supplemental application:

o      1800: Ontario Co NY, David Dickinson, p 322: 10010-10100

o      1810, Steuben Co NY, David Dickerson, p 64:  21110-31010 [unknown man 16-26]

o      1820, Clermont Co OH David Dickeson, p 32: 110101-12201-03

o      1830, Clermont Co OH David Dickison, p 214: 00011…/00021001 [father not listed]

By comparing these censuses, it can be seen David’s family included one male and one female born 1794-1800, one male and one female born 1800-1810, a male and a female born around 1810 and a female born 1810-1815, for a total of 3 boys and 5 girls. There was possibly a hired man living in the household.

After this, I compared marriages in Clermont County to the names in the deeds.

Based on the deeds and residence, the following are the children of David and Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson:

  • Charles G Dickenson to Jane Smith, 18 Apr 1819
  • Harriet Dickinson to David Light, 7 Dec 1821
  • Mary Ann Dickinson [sic, should be Nancy Ann] to Reuben S Searl, 30 Mar 1826
  • Charles Dickinson, again, to Elizabeth Mitchel, 24 Jun 1828
  • Caroline Dickinson to William Boals, 10 May 1832
  • David Dickinson to Phebe Hance, 15 Oct 1833

Jane Dickinson was married in 1841 in Louisa County, Iowa; Elizabeth and William Francis Dickinson were not married.

Based on ages in several censuses, these fit the ages of the children in David Dickinson’s household, including the five as yet unmarried in 1830.

1.              Charles            ca 1800[11]            (1800: <10, 1810: 10-16, 1830: 20-30, 1830: 40-50)

2.              Nancy Ann            1799[12]             (1800: <10, 1810: 10-16; 1820: 16-26)

3.              Harriet            1802[13]            (1810: <10, 1820: 16-26; 1850: 48)

4.              David W            1805[14]            (1810: <10, 1820: 10-16; 1830: 20-25, 1850: 45)

5.              Elizabeth 1808-1810[15] (1810: <10, 1820: 10-16; 1830: 15-20, 1850: 40, 1856: 48, 1860: 52, 1880: 73)

6.              William Francis 1810-1813[16] (1810: <10, 1820: <10; 1830: 15-20; 1840: 20-30; 1856: 45; 1860: 47)

7.              Caroline say 1810[17] (1820: 10-16; 1830: 20-25)

8.              Jane 1815[18] (1820: <10; 1830: 15-20; 1850: 34; 1856: 41; 1860: 45; 1880: 65)

In addition to the new deeds, further connections between the children of David and Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson were discovered in 2012. These started with a contact I made through online family trees and a blog I had posted.

Insert 1: Correspondence with Sara Crystal (2012), that led to my locating Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson’s residence in 1850 and place of death, along with that of four of her children.

• Posted 12 May 2012 at my blog,, punctuation and capitalization added:

Hello, My name is Sara Crystal, and I am a descendant of John Hale and also of Elisha Searl. Reading your blog, I noticed several familiar names. I believe there was a connection between these families several times. Our family is lucky to have the “Pioneer History,” about 12 pages written by John Hale, son of Asenaath Searl, daughter of Elisha Searl, and John Hale. John Jr. was born 1825 in Virginia, but a large family/friends group migrated to Ohio, then Putnam County, Illinois, then Henry [County, Illinois,] on the Illinois River.

Anyhow, they continued to New Boston, near Toolesboro[, Louisa County, Iowa]. John Hale, Sr., and John Jr’s uncle Peter DeWitt built a house for FRANK DICKINSON, “on what is now known as the Old Bromley Place” and John H, Jr., assisted. He was about 14 at the time. This would be 1839 or so. Since our families had connections, I greet you with friendship. From Oakland, California, Sara Crystal, is the best way to contact me back.

• My reply, posted on the same site 13 May 2012, with some corrections, due to recent finds:

Sara, I can’t begin to tell you how thrilled I was with your information about our families. We may never find a blood link between us, but you have given me information to confirm one of my circumstantial cases.

If you have read my blog (which I now need to update), you know that I have been unable to trace what happened to several of the children of David and Anna Dickinson. The Frank Dickinson you mention is their youngest son, William Francis Dickinson.

But here’s the great thing. I went to the Louisa County, Iowa, genweb site, since you mentioned New Boston in that county. There I found an 1885 biography of Levi Stephen, whose wife was Jane Dickinson, “daughter of David and Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson.” The evidence was strong that David’s wife Anna was a daughter of Elisha Gilbert, but this was confirmation from an independent and contemporary source.[19]

Plus, I now know the full story about David’s daughter Jane. Since she was in Louisa County, that adds to the probability of identifying the Frank Dickinson you mention. I am also finding many of these people in census records.

You can tell how I spent much of yesterday. Harriet (Dickinson) Light’s son, Oliver Perry Light, i.e., Jane and Frank’s nephew, was in Louisa Co IA as a Methodist minister in 1870. I wonder if he knew and met any kin there. His youngest son was Francis Dickinson Spencer Light. One of his brothers also had a son named Francis Dickinson Light.

Do you have copies of the “Pioneer Stories” book? I would be glad to pay for you to take it to Kinko’s or Staples and have scans of the pages made and copied on a CD. That would be faster (and I hope easier) than scanning or Xeroxing each page. Please share this treasure.

I was also able, thanks to you, to correct the marriage of Elisha Searl’s brother Reuben S Searl[20]; he married a sister-in-law of Levi Stephen, not his sister. [21]

• Extracts from typescript “Pioneer History,” written by John Hale, Jr., date unknown:

            This is a brief history of the early days as told by Hon. John Hale a few years prior to his death and taken down in short hand by his daughter (Nellie).

            My exit from the unknown and appearance among the tangible things of this world occurred at half past two o’clock p. m., August 8, 1825, at a log cabin belonging to one William Kirkwood, but occupied by my father and mother and situated about 1 1/2 or two miles west of Fairfield, in Bath township, Greene County, Ohio, at a locality known as Hominy Ridge  – I suppose on account of being made up of good corn land. Not having paid very particular attention to this even myself, my memory is rather shaky on the subject, and I depend altogether on hearsay as to that occurrence and on the record made about that time in the family Bible.

            My father bore the same name as mine, and was a native of Bedford county, in Virginia, having been born August 17, 1793, and was the son of Overstreet and Judah Hale….

            As stated before, my father left Richmond and moved to Fairfield in Ohio some time from 1817 to 1820.  After removing to Fairfield his wife died, and in 1824 he married Asenath Searl, the daughter of Elisha Searl, one of the earliest settlers of that part of Ohio;[22] a woman whose only fault was that of becoming a mother of such a poor specimen as myself….

            Elisha Searl, and all his married children, the family of his brother, Timothy Searl, and all his children, most of whom were parents of good sized families, all relatives, started to follow the advice which Horace Greeley many years after gave, to go west and grow up with the country. This trip was made by most of us overland.  A few of the elders went south 60 miles by land conveyances to Cincinnati, then took boats to the mouth of the Ohio River, and up the Mississippi and Illinois River to our first stopping place, Hennepin, in Putnam county, Illinois….

            We found there was nothing in Henry to induce us to stay, so we started again on our westward journey, crossing the Mississippi river at New Boston on the 29th day of September, 1839 — that is myself, my father and my oldest sister.  We stopped at my grandfather’s, Elisha Searl’s, who had made the journey the preceding spring and settled on the bank of the Muscatine Lake at about the spot where the Winder residence now stands.  I went the next day to Harrison, or just south of the village of Harrison in the field, to Dr. Reuben S. Searls’ place.  He was a second cousin and knew that we were coming and had asked to have me come and stay with his wife[23] while he was pursuing his practice as a physician….

            I lived with them for probably two weeks, or thereabouts, and by that time father and Peter DeWitt, an uncle of mine, had taken a contract for building a house for Frank Dickinson, on what is now known as the old Bromley place, and I was drafted into the service.  Not being quite tall enough to work at the bench in preparing flooring for laying, some pins were placed on a pair of trestles and the two joined boards were placed between, and between these at the proper height was keyed up the board that was to be joined.  The foreplane was prepared by putting strips on the bottom, and when I had dressed the board down as far as the plane would work, I had that edge joined.

             I was then turned 14 years old….


• This lead enabled me to locate four of the children of David and Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson in Iowa. I found these census records:

  • 1840 Louisa County, Iowa. In adjacent households were William Francis Dickinson (presumably with his mother and two unmarried sisters), Levi Stephen, who married Jane Dickinson in 1841, Nancy Ann (Dickinson) Searl and her husband, Dr. Reuben S. Searl, who died later that year. (Document #11)
  • 1850 Wapello, Louisa County, Iowa. In adjacent households, although on separate census pages, were Levi and Jane “Stephens” and their children, and a household headed by Jacob Booher,[24] with Ann Dickinson, 74 NY, Elizabeth Dickinson, 40 NY, and Samuel[25] Dickinson, 22 NY [sic] (Document #7).
  • 1856 Iowa State Census. Among those living in the household of Levi Stephen were his wife, Jane (Dickinson) Stephen, 41, his brother- and sister-in-law, W F Dickinson, 45, and Elizabeth Dickinson, 48, and a cousin, Franklin Gilbert, 25, a son of Anna’s brother Ebenezer Gilbert (Document #8).
  • Jane (Dickinson) Stephen was listed in every census through 1900; her unmarried sister Elizabeth was with the Stephen family through 1880. The last known census record for William F Dickinson was 1860, when he was also in his sister Jane’s household; he has not been located in the 1850 census (Documents #7-10).
  • In 1880, a John L Bromley, 29, ws a farm hand living with the Stephen family, recalling the “Old Bromley Place,” where William Francis Dickinson’s house had been built.
  • The other daughter, Nancy Ann (Dickinson) Searl, was harder to trace. First, her published marriage record in Clermont County, Ohio, reads “Mary Ann.”[26] Next, her husband’s widow in Louisa County, Iowa, was mistakenly called Levi Stephen’s sister.[27] Many gedcoms on the Internet follow this mistaken identification, although Levi Stephen’s parents are known, they were not married until 1807 and had no daughter named Nancy.

Levi’s sister-in-law, Nancy Ann (Dickinson) (Searl) Nichols, was born in New York 1799, married in 1842 to her second husband, Samuel Nichols, and died 18 August 1869 in Muscatine Co IA. She was with the second husband in 1850 (age 50, born in New York) and 1860, with only children from her husband’s first marriage in her household (Document #13).

• The census records also led me to cemetery and death records, as follows:

Iowa Cemetery records[28] have

1.     on page 34, Anna C. [sic, should be G.] Dickinson, died 5 Mar 1851, buried in Harrison Cemetery, Port Louisa, Louisa County, Iowa;

2.     on the same page, Elizabeth Dickinson, 9 Nov 1899, same cemetery;

3.     on page 132, Jane Stephen, died 16 Jul 1905, buried in the same cemetery as her mother;

4.     and on page 511, Nancy A. Nichols, died 18 Aug 1869, age 71, buried in Nichols Cemetery, Pike Township, Muscatine County, Iowa.

A study of names used in this family shows that several of David Dickinson’s children and grandchildren used the name Charles for their own sons, recalling the oldest brother who died, probably back in Ohio. These include Harriet (Dickinson) Light, whose first son was Charles Dickinson Light; David W Dickinson, whose youngest son was Charles Thaddeus Dickinson; Harriet’s son, Reuben Spencer Light, who had a son Charles Dickinson Light; and Samuel Henry Light, whose son was Charles Kansas Light.

Others named sons Francis Dickinson, included David W Dickinson’s son Wellington, whose son was Frank L Dickinson; Harriet’s son, Oliver Perry Light, whose second son was named Francis Dickinson Spencer Light; and also Ebenezer Gilbert’s son Ebenezer Jr who had a son named Francis Wellington Gilbert.

As a final evidence of the relationship existing between Harriet (Dickinson) Light and her parents, David and Anna (Gilbert) Light, note that the only two of the 1832 deeds which did not give distinct land parcels to individuals were those which granted Nancy Ann Searl and Harriet Light “equal undivided halves” of their land.[29]

Harriet and Nancy Ann were clearly sisters; Nancy Ann traveled with her mother, two sisters, a brother and her husband to Louisa County, Iowa, in the mid to late 1830s; Nancy lived next door to these family members in 1840 and a county history called her the sister of Levi Stephen, although she was in fact his sister-in-law; and Levi Stephen’s wife said her parents were David and Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson.

Section II. Analyzing the Dickinson Families of Early Clermont County

            In the early 1990s, I prepared a study of the early Dickinson families (any spelling) in Clermont County, using censuses, cemetery records, marriages and a will.

The first available census for Ohio was 1820. In that year there were four Dickinson (any spellings) families. I believe these were three separate families in Clermont Co, who came at different times. I will discuss them here one family at a time.

Summary Abstract of Results

William Dickson’s family did not use the spelling Dickinson or Dickerson or any of the variants used by the David Dickinson family. Censuses indicate this family came to Ohio from Pennsylvania and New Jersey and were in Clermont County as early as 1806.

Morgan Dickinson’s family may be excluded from consideration based on the 1892 will of Morgan Dickinson, which lists his nieces and nephews, great-nieces and great-nephews, and states specifically that these are “all my next of kin.”

William Dickson/Dixon

William Dickson was in Clermont County at an early date. He purchased land in 1803, he sold land in 1804, 1808 and 1814,[30] and his name appears on Clermont County tax lists in 1806.[31] William Dickson[32] had this census record in Clermont County:

o      1820, Washington Township: William Dickson, p 27A: 000010-10051-02[33]

These early marriages in Clermont County[34] may be three daughters and three sons of William Dickson, in addition to a remarriage of William Dickson himself. I have not included censuses outside of Clermont County for this family or those later than 1820.

o      Stanley[35] Dickson to Phebe Dilany, 30 Mar 1817

o      Zephorah Dickson to Elisha Jordan[36], 23 Jul 1818

o      Joseph Dickson to Susannah Cameron, 10 Sep 1818

o      Thomas[37] Dickson to Margaret Barkley, 5 Jul 1821

o      Mary[38] Dickson to Isaac L. Moreton, 26 Apr 1829

o      William Dickson (wid) to Elizabeth Jones (wid), 7 Jun 1831

o      Elennorah Dixon to Erasmus Short[39], 7 Jul 1836

Mary Dickinson, who married Timothy Conner on 8 Apr 1802, may have been a daughter or a sister of William Dickson. Although the spelling here is Dickinson, William was the only other person with a similar name in the county at that time. Nothing further is known of her, and it is not clear who this Timothy Conner was, although he possibly remarried in 1804.

Joseph Dickson, son of William Dickson, who married Susannah Cameron two years earlier, had this record in Washington Township:

    • 1820, Washington Township: Joseph Dickson, p 26:            100100/00100-01[40]
    • 1830, Washington Township: Joseph Dickson, p 243:            121001…/310001…[41]
    • 1840, Washington Township: Joseph Dickson, p 191:            0001001…/1022001…[42]

These Clermont County marriages are likely the children of Joseph and Susannah


o      Elizabeth[43] Dickson to Samuel L Gwynn, 7 May 1842

o      James[44] Dickson to Margretta S Gates, 14 Sep 1845

o      John Dickson to Perlina Ann Williams, 11 Dec 1845

o      A. Dixon to Matilda E Kelly, 16 Dec 1846

o      Susan/Susannah Dickson (Dixon), 18, to Horatio Airs, 21, on 1 Feb 1849

o      Angeline[45] Dickson, 20, to Calvin Dunbar, 23, on 6 Feb 1849

o      Sanford Dixon, 22, to Angeline Tewel, 19, on 11 Dec 1849

In 1850, this man was listed as Joseph Dixon, 54, born in New Jersey,[46] and in 1860 as Joseph Dixson, 65 New Jersey.[47]

In censuses and marriage records for this family, the spelling is always Dickson or Dixon. In 1850 one son Joseph stated that he was born ca 1796 in New Jersey, while daughter Mary/Elizabeth gave her birth as ca 1802 in Pennsylvania and son Thomas gave 1790 in Pennsylvania.

Morgan Dickinson

You stated in your letter that Morgan Dickinson, who was in the 1820 census, is the Dickinson most likely to have been Harriet’s father, if it was not David Dickinson.

Morgan Dickinson, Sr, was born in Pennsylvania, 1765-1770, and moved to Clermont County in the 1810s, with three sons and five daughters.

  • 1800 Jefferson Township, Greene Co PA, Morgan Dickeson: 00010/10010[48]
  • 1810 Jefferson Township, Greene Co PA, Morgan Dickerson: 10010/22010[49]
  • 1820, Ohio Township, Clermont Co OH: Morgan Dickeson, p 32:[50]  110101-12201-03
  • 1830, Monroe Township, Clermont Co OH: Morgan Dickeson, p 229: 010020001…/10002…

Morgan Dickinson Sr died in 1837, according to the Clermont County genweb site, which lists the burials at Mount Holly Christian Chapel Cemetery, in Hamlet, Batavia Township, including: “DICKISON, Morgan, died 19 May 1837, in the 63rd year of his life.”[51]

By 1840, the census entry is for Morgan Dickinson, Jr., who continued in the county until his death in 1891.

  • 1840, Monroe Township: Morgan Dickinson, p 203:            000001…/00001… [52]
  • 1850, Monroe Township: Morgan Dickinson, 45 PA, with Mahala Dickinson, 41 PA, [nieces] Martha A Hair, 23 OH, and Mary E Fagin, 7 OH.[53]
  • 1880, Monroe Township, in home of Thomas W Hare: Morgan Dickinson, uncle, 73 PA, married, and Mahala Dickinson, aunt, 71 OH, married.[54]

Morgan Dickinson, Jr., died in 1891,[55] leaving a will[56] that listed “all his heirs.” Of this family, only two of his sisters had children or grandchildren living at that date. Based on the will and Marriages of Clermont County, Ohio, these sisters of Morgan Dickinson were the only members of his family to leave surviving children:

o      Matilda, 23 Feb 1826, to Thomas Hair

o      Minerva, 28 Nov 1827, to Aaron Fagan

Harriet (Dickinson) Light could not have been a sister of Morgan Dickinson, as her children are not named in his will, nor were any other Dickinsons to whom David deeded land in 1832.

Peter Dickinson

o      1840: Peter Dickinson, p 117[57]            one black male, living alone in Ohio township

David Dickinson and sons in Clermont County

  • 1820, Ohio Township, David Dickeson, p 32:                        110101-12201-03[58]

Although no one the father’s age is listed in David Dickinson’s 1830 census, he was living as late as 12 December 1832, as has been seen in the deeds he made out to each of his children, and was probably deceased by the time his wife/widow and daughter Caroline Boles sold land in 1837. This family is always listed in Ohio Township.

In 1830 Charles G Dickinson is listed in his own household, with two daughters aged 5-10 and a son under 5. In 1840, sons Charles G and David W have their own households, and William Francis has his own home in Louisa County, Iowa, next door to Nancy’s husband, Reuben S Searl and to Jane’s future husband, Levi Stephen.

1830, Clermont Co OH

  • David Dickison, p 214: 00011…/00021001
  • Charles Dickinson, p 212:            10001…/02001… [59]

1840, Clermont Co OH

o      Charles Dickinson, p 117:      001[60]0001…/00111…[61]

o      David Dickinson, p 221:      0001001…/20001…[62]

Based on his 1830 and 1840 censuses, it is likely that Charles’s two daughters were the brides in Marriages of Clermont County, Ohio, as follows:

  • Nancy Dickenson,[63] 16 Apr 1840, to David Kirgan
  • Hannah J Dickinson, 21, on 25 Oct 1849, to Samuel H Peoples, 21.

David W Dickinson’s family remained in Clermont County[64] and has been studied by his descendants. Six of his children were still living in 1891, two of them dying in Clermont County in 1916[65] and one dying in 1919 in Cincinnati, negating the possibility of his having been a sibling of Morgan Dickinson Jr.


Section III. Tracing David Dickinson and wife Anna from Clermont County, Ohio, to Steuben County, New York; then Identifying Elisha Gilbert, the Father of Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson

            After identifying Harriet Dickinson’s father as David Dickinson, it was easy to trace him back to Steuben County, New York, since Clermont County deeds state he was of that place. Note in particular, pages 24-25 of my previous documentation, where David, now of Clermont County, Ohio, sold land in Steuben County, New York, in 1816.

As in Clermont County, David left a record of land dealings in Steuben County.

I have shown that David Dickinson’s wife was named Anna Gilbert, according specifically to the Louisa County, Iowa history.[66] A cemetery record made by the Works Project Administration (WPA), probably in the 1930s, gives her date of death and her birth date as 1776.[67]

Although I lived many years in Latin America, I continued to pursue family history through correspondence by mail and with the help of my aunt, and I had all of this detail by 1993, through county histories, deeds and census records, when I moved back to the United States. Deeds, enclosed with the supplemental application on pages 52-55 and 89-119, demonstrate that David Dickinson’s wife, known from Clermont County deeds to have been named Anna, was a daughter of Elisha Gilbert and that she had sisters named Chloe Gillespie and Rachel Stephens and a brother named Ebenezer Gilbert. Elisha had a wife named Hepzibah.

Summary Abstract of Results

Direct evidence shows Anna to be named Anna Gilbert, to have been born in 1776, to have a close relationship (her husband’s name appears on the deeds) with Rachel and Chloe Gilbert, who were specifically named as children of Elisha and Hepzibah Gilbert,[68] and with Ebenezer Gilbert, who will be shown later to have named his second son Elisha. In the early 1990s, I first approached the identity of Anna’s father and mother from the evidence of the deeds made out to her and her husband or by them in Steuben County, New York.

It was, therefore, confirmation, when I visited the New England Historical and Genealogical Society library in Boston in 1994 and discovered a book with an identical family. The reputation of the co-authors was impressive: H. W. Brainard, H. S. Gilbert, and C.A. Torrey. The Gilbert Family: Descendants of Thomas Gilbert. 1582 (?)1659, New Haven, 1953.[69] I see now that my documentation attached to the supplemental application placed this source first. Your letter stated there are errors in this book, as I believe there must be in any genealogy; however, this book gives sources, and I obtained copies of the same sources to verify Elisha Gilbert’s children. I see no room for error there, as the children match what I found in the published county histories and in the deeds. There was a daughter Ruth who was not involved in the deeds or the move to Ohio; she might have died young or unmarried in Steuben County.

Whether or not “my” Elisha Gilbert is the son of Henry and Sarah (Domer) Gilbert, as described in Brainard et al, his wife, children and Vermont residence are documented elsewhere as belonging to the Patriot Ancestor being discussed and presented here. I am attaching a new page 2 of the supplemental application form omitting the birth data from Brainard et al, since there is no need to prove this ancestry to connect my line to Elisha Gilbert of Middletown, Vermont, and Steuben County, New York.[70]

I was able to locate the marriage and birth records from a series of index cards at the Vermont Secretary of State’s office, exactly as given in The Gilbert Family.[71] I then located the original Middletown vital records. As you noted, the town was organized in 1784 from portions of four other towns and its vital records do not apparently start until 1800.[72]

Brainard and his co-authors, compiling Gilbert data before the 1953 publication of their book, would have had access to the same index cards and vital records of the family, and that other than using a Stephens family history,[73] went no further in researching Elisha Gilbert. Here I am 60 years later, using the same sources, plus deeds and a complete census record for all members of the family.

On 10 February 2013, I was able to obtain page 52 of volume I of the land records of Middletown [now Middletown Springs], Vermont. The land records, which started before the town kept a separate volume of vital records, have marriages and children’s births, along with the dates the family data was recorded, as follows for my ancestors:

“Elisha Gilbert married to Hepsabe his wife January the 14 day 1776 Anna Gilbert Born August the 11 day 1776 Cloe Gilbert Born Feb. the the [sic] day 1778 Ebeneser Gilbirt Born September the 15 1780 Rachel Gilbirt Born November the 19 1782 the above Children P[?] Gilbert had by his wife hepsabe and put on Record March the 21 [1785] by me

                                                                                    Joseph Rockwell, Register”[74]

Summary of reasons to identify Mrs. David Dickinson as Anna, the sister of Chloe, Rachel, and Ebenezer Gilbert, children of Elisha and Hepzibah Gilbert

  1. The deed record, summarized in the original supplemental application showed that:

a.               David Dickinson’s wife was named Anna.

b.              Elisha Gilbert’s oldest daughter was named Anna.

c.               Elisha Gilbert deeded land to David and Anna Dickinson, naming the wife as a grantee, when the wife’s name did not usually appear in such records.

d.              On the same day, Elisha Gilbert had recorded deeds of land sales to David and Anna Dickinson, and to Jedidiah Stephens (land that was re-sold to Ebenezer Gilbert and witnessed by Nathan Stephens, Rachel Gilbert’s husband).

e.               David Dickinson was in western New York, Ontario Co NY [later Steuben County], as was Elisha Gilbert’s family, at the time he met and married Anna.

f.               Approximately 40 years after their marriage, in 1832, Anna Gilbert’s nieces and nephews, that is, the heirs of Brown Gillespie referred to land owned by “David and Anna Dickinson.”

g.              David was involved in land purchases and sales with three of Anna Gilbert’s siblings. He bought and sold land with Ebenezer Gilbert. He bought land from Nathan and Rachel Stephens. He witnessed the sale of land by the heirs of Brown and Chloe (Gilbert) Gillespie and traveled to assist them in the sale.

  1. Family moves: Four of Elisha’s adult children were married in Steuben Co NY, although exact dates are not known. Based on the births of the first known children for each couple, we can assume a marriage at approximately these dates: Anna and David Dickinson, ca 1795; Chloe and Brown Gillespie, about the same time; and Ebenezer and Mehitable (Seeley), ca 1804. The date of the marriage of Rachel and Nathan Stephens is known from the Stephens family history to have taken place 14 May 1804.

Three of these adult children and their families moved to Clermont County, Ohio, in approximately 1816. Rachel (Gilbert) Stephens and her family stayed in Steuben County, New York, and no further contact with her siblings or their families is known at this writing. The Dickinsons, the Gilberts and the Gillespies were all in Clermont County, Ohio, by the 1820 census. Brown Gillespie died in 1819; his widow Chloe, David Dickinson, and Ebenezer Gilbert were in Ohio Township.

By the 1830s, the next generation of the Gilbert and Dickinson families was moving further west. Most of Chloe Gillespie’s children lived and died in Clermont County, although Augustus Gillespie moved after 1840 to Coles Co IL, where some of his Gilbert cousins were living, and Brown Gillespie Jr moved to Campbell County, Kentucky, between 1848 and 1850, just across the Ohio River from Clermont County, and later to Kenton County, Kentucky.

David Dickinson’s widow, Anna Gilbert, moved to Louisa County, Iowa, in the 1830s, along with half of her children, one married daughter and three unmarried children, i.e., Nancy Ann Searl, and Elizabeth, William Francis, and Jane Dickinson. Charles G Dickinson probably died in Clermont County after 1834, nothing further has been traced of Caroline Boles, Harriet Light moved to Edgar County, Illinois, and David W Dickinson stayed with his family in Clermont County.

Charles G Dickinson’s daughters lived and died in Clermont County, but his probable son, Samuel Dickinson, went to Iowa and is in an aunt’s household in 1850.

Ebenezer Gilbert, Anna Dickinson’s brother, lived in Clermont County until after the 1830 census, when he moved with his family to Clay County, Indiana, near Edgar County, Illinois, where his cousin Harriet Light was living. Of Ebenezer’s seven children, three lived and died in Clay County, Indiana, one crossed the state line and lived in Edgar County, Illinois, another moved nearby Douglas County, Illinois, the next youngest went to Kansas, and the youngest was in Louisa County, Iowa, in 1856, residing in his cousin, Jane (Dickinson) Stephen’s household. Ebenezer Gilbert, Jr., is the one who moved to Edgar County, Illinois; he and first cousin Harriet Light are buried in the same cemetery, Mt. Carmel in Edgar County.

Family contacts after moving west are not known, but two of Jane (Dickinson) Stephen’s relatives, a nephew, Samuel Dickinson, and Franklin Gilbert, the son of her uncle, resided with her family in Louisa County, Iowa, during a census year. In 1870, one of Harriet Light’s sons, Oliver Perry Light, and his family were living in Louisa County, Iowa, and in 1885 Oliver’s daughter, Laurie Matilda Light, was teaching school in Wapello in Louisa County,[75] where two of her father’s aunts were living.


Section IV. Looking for the Year when Elisha Gilbert Moved to Vermont, with

A Chronology of the Life of Elisha Gilbert, with Military service and probable Military Service

Four of Elisha and Hepzibah Gilbert’s children were living in 1850.[76] Anna Dickinson was in Louisa County, Iowa, where her 1850 census shows she was 74 years old, born in New York.[77] Chloe Gillespie was in Clermont County, Ohio, aged 72, born in Vermont. Ebenezer Gilbert was in Clay County, Indiana, aged 70, born in Vermont. Rachel Stephens died in February 1850 and is found in the Mortality Schedule, not the federal census, listed as 76,[78] born in Vermont. Daughter Ruth has not been identified after her birth was recorded in Middletown, Vermont. Death certificates have not been found for any of them.

The dates of all the children’s births were recorded in 1785 in Middletown, Vermont, but it is possible the eldest, Anna, was born in New York.[79] The family was in Vermont by February of 1778, when the second child was born.

At the time I prepared the supplemental application for Elisha Gilbert, my concern was to demonstrate that he was a soldier in the same unit as his neighbors, both in Middletown and later in Steuben County, New York. Your correspondence of 17 August 2012 stated that I need to show that Elisha and his family were in Vermont before that. Other war records that I did not submit (for clarity’s sake, I thought) demonstrate continued residence in that specific area from either 1777, 1778, or possibly about the time of the Battle of Ticonderoga, 10 May 1775.

A history of Rutland County, Vermont, gives evidence that Elisha Gilbert was “among the first members of a church,” later known as the Middletown Congregational Church, whose “first records bearing date of May, 1782,” when the church was located in the part of Wells which was organized as Middletown in 1784.[80] Settlers were there and had a church building at least two years before the organization of Middletown. One source states that Middletown was organized because it was difficult for settlers to get over the mountains to the other town centers.

I will now show starting with the latest dates that my Elisha Gilbert can be traced from his residence in Middletown, Vermont, in 1785, 1784, 1782, and militia service and a taxpayer list in 1781 in Poultney, all the way to his family’s location of Berkshire County, Massachusetts.

o               1785, 21 March, Elisha Gilbert has his marriage date and first four children’s births recorded in Middleton VT.[81] A fifth child was recorded after June 7th of that year in the same land record volume.

o               1784, at a town meeting, Elisha Gilbert was selected hayward for Middletown, Vermont.[82]

o               1782, Elisha Gilbert participated in the founding of a church in the part of Rutland County that later became Middletown.[83]

o               1781, Oct, “Poles and Rateables List” of Poultney, Vermont.[84]

o               1781, 10 Jun, Capt. Jacob Wood’s Co., Col. Thomas Lee.[85]

“Elisha Gilbert’s Neighbors”[86] links Elisha with other men in both Middletown, Vermont, and Steuben County, New York. In this unit, were these 1784 Middletown town officers: Ephraim Wood, Reuben Searl, Silas Mallary, Elisha Gilbert, Increase Rudd, Benjamin Haskins, James McClure, Luther Filmore, Thomas Morgan, William Frisbie, and Gamaliel Waldo.

As stated in your August 2012 letter, it needs to be shown that Elisha Gilbert was in Vermont that early. There was a man of this name in the area even earlier.

o      1780, October, Capt. Zebediah Dewey’s Co of Militia, Vermont.[87]

The men on this list were from Poultney, Vermont; many of them were from founding families of the town in 1761, and others were intermarried with sisters and sisters-in-law of other soldiers. Names common to both the payroll (note 74, above) and the tax list in addition to Elisha Gilbert include Elisha Allen, Samuel Allen, Enoch Ashley, William Ashley, Jeremiah Adams, Ithamas Brookins, Ebenezer Canfield, Joseph Crow, Zebediah Dewey, Stephen de Maranville, Samuel Fletcher, John Grant, and many others.

o      1778, 6-11 Nov. Capt Parmalee Allen, Col Gideon Warren, “for the State of Vermont.”[88]

Obadiah Winter(s), Samuel Allen and Elisha “Gilburd” are the only names on both this payroll and Capt. Dewey’s two years later, although members of Ethan Allen’s extensive family appear everywhere. Capt. Parmalee Allen was a cousin of the Vermont patriot and hero. The men on this list were largely from Pawlet, another town in the same area of Vermont. There also is a James Haskins listed next to Elisha Gilbert in this unit and a Benjamin Haskins in 1781 in the Jacob Wood company.

I have no confirming evidence that this is my ancestor, except that in February of 1778, Elisha and Hepzibah Gilbert’s second daughter was born, according to her 1850 census, in Vermont. Mine was the only known Elisha in Vermont at that date.

o      1777, 15 Jun, signed receipt for payment from Capt. Ezekiel Blair for service as a carter.[89]

Capt. Blair’s pension file,[90] online at, includes details if his service, including relevant facts such as his wartime home in Williamstown, Berkshire County, Massachusetts (more about that later), his enlistment in April, 1775, his participation in the taking of Ticonderoga, his accompanying Benedict Arnold to Canada later that year, the taking of Fort St Johns and Montreal, returning “home” in December, 1775,[91] and his appointment as “Captain of Teams” for Albany, Saratoga, and Fort Edward in the spring of 1777. In that capacity, Blair obtained several signed receipts, which his widow later used as evidence in a pension application. Elisha Gilbert’s signature appears in the image.

Another page in the pension file shows Ezekiel Blair reporting to Samuel Sloan, in whose unit one Elisha Gilbert enlisted 22 April 1775 and served until 5 May of that year.[92]

Ezekiel Blair’s other interests during the Revolutionary War included co-founding the town of Benson in Rutland County, Vermont, in 1780.[93] Benson is two townships to the northwest of Poultney, where Elisha Gilbert lived in 1781. This is probably the same Elisha, although not necessarily the same one who went to Quebec with Ethan Allen, Benedict Arnold, David Pixley and Ezekiel Blair.[94]

o      22 April 1775-5 May 1775. Capt. Samuel Sloane’s co. of Minutemen[95]

Elisha “Gilbort” enlisted, as did at least two other Elisha Gilberts in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, immediately upon hearing of the Battles of Lexington and Concord. His residence was given as Williamstown, the most northwestern part of Massachusetts. This is not proven to be my Elisha Gilbert, but does allow the following scenario:

a.              22 April 1775, enlisted from Williamstown, Massachusetts, discharged May 5, 1775; service, 14 days. Under Capt. Samuel Sloan.

b.              14 Jan. 1776, married Hepzibah, location unknown, but possibly Ticonderoga, since first child was born later that year, probably in New York, or back in Berkshire County.

c.              15 Jun 1777, Signed receipt as a civilian working as a carter for the military from Ezekiel Blair, probably resident in Vermont, near Lake Champlain and Ft Ticonderoga.

d.              By February of 1778, his family was residing in Vermont, where his second daughter was born.

e.              6-11 Nov 1778, private, went with Capt. Parmalee Allen and men from Pawlet “in defence of the United States to the Northward frontiers.”

f.               October 1780, private, went with Capt. Zebediah Dewey “in defence of the State.” Other members of the unit were from Poultney.

g.              June 1781, marched with Capt. Jacob Wood and Middletown men to Castleton, Vermont.

h.              1781, Oct, appeared on a tax list in Poultney.

i.               1782, in the part of Rutland County, Vermont, at that time Wells, but later Middletown, to organize a church.

j.               1784, participated in town meeting to organize Middletown, named hayward.

Conclusion: there is evidence that Elisha Gilbert was in Vermont several years before his 1781 service and that the man in that service (and possibly other, earlier units) was the same man who within a few years moved to western New York, along with several of his neighbors.



Section I

1.              David Dickinson, 12 December 1832, to Caroline Boles, mentioning lands of C. G. Dickinson, D. W. Dickinson, and D. Light, recorded 26 Apr 1833, Clermont Co Deed Book E-29: 324, 325, with transcript.

2.              David Dickinson, 12 December 1832, to Harriet Light, mentioning D. W. and Wm F. Dickinson, recorded 20 May 1833, Deed Book E-29: 404, 405, with transcript.

3.              David Dickinson, 12 December 1832, to Nancy A Searl, mentioning D. W. and Wm F. Dickinson, recorded 23 May 1833, Deed Book E-29: 412, 413. At one place David’s name is spelled Dickerson, with transcript.

4.              David Dickinson, 12 December 1832, to Charles G. Dickinson, mentioning Caroline Boles, Elizabeth Dickinson, and Jacob Light, recorded 5 December 1834, Deed Book H-32: 306, 307, with transcript.

5.              Photo of grave stone of Nancy Ann (Dickinson) (Searl) Nichols, at Nichols cemetery, Pike Township, Muscatiine Co IA. Image taken from

6.              Cemetery Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: Works Project Administration. Graves Registration Project. Washington, D.C.: n.p., n.d.). Also,

7.              1850 US census, Wapello Township, Louisa Co Iowa; Roll: M432_187;  Page: 130A; Image 130: Ann Dickinson, 74, Elizabeth Dickinson, 45, Samuel Dickinson, 22. Previous page includes the Levi “Stevens” family, also attached here: Levi Stevens, 35, Jane, 34, Caroline M Stevens, 7, Ann L, 5, Josephine, 2.

8.  1856 Iowa census, Port Louisa, Louisa Co Iowa: Levi Stephen, 42, Jane Stephen, 41, Caroline M Stephen, 12, Ann L Stephen, 10, Josephine Stephen, 8, John Francis Stephen, 6, Nancy Jane Stephen, 3, Franklin Gilbert, 23, Elizabeth Dickinson, 48, W F Dickinson, 45.

9.              1860 US census, Port Louisa township, Louisa Co Iowa: Levi Stevens, 48, Jane D, 45, Caroline M, 17, Ann L, 14, Josephine, 12, John F, 8, Nancy J, 7, Jesa F, 3, W F Dickinson, 47, Charles Foth, 32, Elizabeth Dickinson, 52.

10.           1880 US census, Port Louisa, Louisa Co Iowa: Stephen, Levi, 64, Jane, 63, Josephine, 31, John F, 28, Nannie J, 26, Jessie F, 22, Hubbard, William M, 14, Dickinson, Elizabeth, 73, John L Bromley, 29.

11.           1840 US census, Louisa County Iowa: Wm Dickinson, Levi Stevens, R S Searl.

12.           Arthur Springer, History of Louisa County, Iowa, 1911, page 257.

13.           1850 US census, Pike township, Muscatine Co IA: Samuel Nichols, 56, Nancy A, 58 NY, four children, all born before Nancy’s marriage to Samuel, and two single men.

Section II

14.           Alma Aicholtz Smith, Clermont County, Ohio, Deeds and Mortgages, 1791-1830: an Index, 1991, pages 80-81.

15.           William “Dixon” on 1806 tax list, Clermont County, Ohio.

16.           1820 Washington Twp, Clermont County, Ohio: William Dickson.

17.           1820 Washington Twp,  Clermont County, Ohio: Joseph Dickson.

18.           1820 Monroe Twp, Clermont County, Ohio: Morgan Dickison.

19.           Cemetery record of Morgan Dickinson, Sr., Mount Holly Christian Chapel Cemetery listing at OHGenweb Clermont County, accessed 2 Dec 2012; more photos of available at

20.           Grave stone of Morgan Dickinson, Christian Cemetery, Hamlet, Clermont County, Ohio, photo from

21.           Morgan Dickinson will, Clermont County, Ohio, 1897. Transcript.

22.           Grave stone of David W. Dickinson, Green Mound Cemetery, New Richmond, Clermont County, Ohio, photo from

23.           Death certificate of Emily (Dickinson) Towner, died 1916, daughter of David W. Dickinson.

24.           1820 Franklin Twp, Clermont County, Ohio: Abner Dickinson. Compare with Clermont Sun, 17 Dec 1890, abstracts from Clermont County genweb site.

Section III

25.  Iowa Cemetery Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: Works Project Administration. Graves Registration Project. Washington, D.C.: n.p., n.d.

26.           Marriage record of Elisha and “Hepsaby” Gilbert, 14 January 1776.

27.           Birth record of Anna Gilbert, 11 August 1776, father, Elisha Gilbert.

28.           Birth record of Cloe Gilbert, 12 February 1778, father, Elisha Gilbert.

29.           Birth record of Ebenezer Gilbert, 15 September 1780, father, Elisha Gilbert.

30.           Birth record of Rachel Gilbert, 17 November 1782, father, Elisha Gilbert.

31.           Birth record of Ruth Gilbert, 7 June 1785, father, Elisha Gilbert.

32.           Correspondence, Mariessa Dobrick, Archivist, Vermont State Archives and Records Administration, 31 December 2012. Card catalog entry from Middletown Springs, Rutland County, Vermont, Vital Records, 1800-1867.

33.           Middletown [Springs], Vermont Land Records Vol. 1, page 52.

34.  Iowa, State Census Collection, 1836-1925 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2007: “Laura” Light, 25 Minnesota.

Section IV

35.           1850 US census, Wapello Township, Louisa Co Iowa; Roll: M432_187;  Page: 130A; Image 130: Ann Dickinson, 74, Elizabeth Dickinson, 45 NY, Samuel Dickinson, 22.

36.           1850 US Census: Ohio, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: M432_667; Page: 440A; Image: 319: Chloe Gillaspie, 72 Vermont; Rachel, 46 NY, Margaret Roland, 16 Ohio, Harriet Kirgan, 10, Augusta Mathy, 6/12, John B Gillaspie, 16. These are her 46-year-old unmarried daughter Rachel, granddaughters Margaret Roland and Harriet Kirgan, grandson John B Gillespie, and an unidentified baby.

37.           1850 US Census: Perry, Clay, Indiana; Roll: M432_138; Page: 272B; Image: 552: Ebenezer Gilbert, 70 Vermont.

38.           U.S. Census Mortality Schedules, New York, 1850-1880; Archive Roll Number: M2; Census Year: 1850; Census Location: Dansville, Steuben, New York; Line: 18.

39.           Smith, H. P., and W. S. Rann, History of Rutland County, Vermont, 1886, page 668.

40.           Joseph Joslin, Barnes Frisbie, Fredrick Ruggles, A History of the Town of Poultney, VermontFrom Its Settlement to the Year 1875, with Family and Biographical Sketches and Incidents, 1875, pages 41-42.

41.           The State of Vermont. Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revolutionary War 1775 to 1783. Rutland, VT, USA: Tuttle, 1904, page 381.

42.           Image of Capt. Jacob Wood’s Co., Col. Thomas Lee’s Regiment, company roster, 10 Jun 1781.

43.  image #21859859, Elisha Gilbert, pay roll.

44.           “Elisha Gilbert’s Neighbors.”

45.           The State of Vermont. Rolls of the Soldiersop. cit., page 236.

46.  images #21806707 and 21806716, Elisha Gilbert, pay roll.

47.           The State of Vermont. Rolls of the Soldiersop. cit., page 141.

48.  image #9962326, pay “role” of the company.

49.  image # 21806710, Elisha Gilbert’s pay roll.

50.  image #12219965, receipt with signature of civilian employee, Elisha Gilbert, carter.

51.           From the pension file of Ezekial Blair, images $12219844 and 12219848 (a two-page 1845 letter from Francis Blair with details of Ezekiel Blair’s service), 12219927 (receipts presented as evidence, including the 15 Jun 1777 receipt from “a carter,” seen on the actual document to be Elisha Gilbert), and 12219979 (a letter connecting Ezekiel Blair to Capt. Samuel Sloan) from the pension file of Ezekiel Blair.

© 2013, Kathy Alvis Patterson

[1] Documentation included with this supplemental application, pages 4, 5.

[2] Ibid, page 6.

[3] My family’s surname was spelled Dickinson, Dickerson, Dickeson, and so on, interchangeably, especially in documents written by others, such as deeds and the census. This continued from before 1750 until after the 1850 census, but is not found in personal records, gravestones and signatures.

[4] Ibid, pages 8, 9. Evidence of the proximity of David Dickinson and Jacob Light, father-in-law of Harriet (Dickinson) Light, in New Richmond, Clermont Co OH, is given on pages 19-23 of the supplemental application and in multiple other documents that are available but not submitted; their land was adjoining.

[5] Ibid, pages 10-18, including transcripts. Clermont County Ohio Deed Book K: 244-248.

[6] Note the land is stated to belong to women whose first names only are given, rather than to their husbands.

[7] Harriet (Dickinson) Light’s father-in-law.

[8] David Light, Harriet’s husband.

[9] Later censuses clearly identify this youngest son as William Francis Dickinson, sometimes called Frank.

[10] See Documents, attached to this explanation, #1-4, with transcripts.

[11] Age based on four censuses.

[12] Her date of death and age are given on her grave stone. Document #5.

[13] This writer first located her birth date in papers written by her son.

[14] Dates are from research done by his descendants.

[15] Her age varied from one census year to another. Iowa Cemetery records ( Iowa Cemetery Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: Works Project Administration. Graves Registration Project. Washington, D.C.: n.p., n.d.) give her birth as 1807. 1850 US census, 1856 Iowa census, 1860 US census, 1880 US census. Documents #6, 7, 8, 9, 10.

[16] Documents #7, 9. Also, 1840 US census, Louisa County Iowa, Document #11.

[17] She has not been located in later censuses.

[18] Documents #7, 8, 9, 10.

[19] A copy of this article was mailed to NSDAR to accompany her supplemental application; the letter from NSDAR mentions receiving it.

[20] I will be happy to compile a Register-style report of the Searl family as they relate to my Gilberts and Dickinsons, if needed.

[21] Levi’s parents were younger than Anna and David Dickinson, not married until long after 1799, and had no daughter Nancy.

[22] Clermont County, Ohio. Elisha Searl was one of the neighbors of Elisha Gilbert in Vermont and Steuben County, New York, and moved to Clermont County along with at least two of Elisha Gilbert’s daughters and their families.

[23] Nancy Ann (Dickinson) Searl, a daughter of David and Anna (Gilbert) Searl.

[24] He was also listed with his parents in Henry County, Illinois, where at least the Searls had lived previously. Probably related to Sarah Booker/Bugher, the wife of Elisha Searl.

[25] Samuel was probably the son of Charles G. Dickinson, listed with his father in Clermont Co OH in 1830.

[26] Marriages of Clermont County, Ohio, loc cit.

[27] Arthur Springer, History of Louisa County, Iowa, 1911, page 257 (Document #12).

[28] Works Project Administration. Graves Registration Project. Washington, D.C.: n.p., n.d.

[29] Documents #2, 3.

[30] Alma Aicholtz Smith, Clermont County, Ohio, Deeds and Mortgages, 1791-1830: an Index, 1991, pages 80-81. Document #14, below.

[31] Jackson, Ronald V., Accelerated Indexing Systems, comp.. Ohio Census, 1790-1890 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 1999. Document #15.

[32] “My Wood Family,” at, compiled by Walter Dowling Wood, has more about this family, with names and dates of email sources, but no dates, places or original sources. He says William Dickson married Jane Buchanan; their two sons were Joseph and Thomas D. Dickson, whose marriages match the two given here. I also used a family tree at for dates and places.

[33] 1820 U S Census: Washington, Clermont, Ohio; Page: 54; NARA Roll: M33_89; Image: 42, Document #16.

[34] Marriages of Clermont County, Ohio, application page 9.

[35] 1820, 1830 FC Brown County, Ohio.

[36] 1820 FC Washington Township, Clermont County, Ohio. Elisha Jordan married, secondly, Amelia Garrison, 2 Apr 1829, in Clermont County. 1850 FC Bracken County, Kentucky: Elisha Jordan with wife “Milly,” daughter Zepora, 13.

[37] 1820 FC Ohio Township, Clermont County, Ohio: Thomas “Dixon,” age 26-44. 1850 FC Clark County, Illinois: Thomas Dickson, 60, born in Pennsylvania. See also Smith, loc cit.

[38] 1850 FC Ohio Township, Clermont County, Ohio: “Elizabeth” Moreton, 48 Pennsylvania, with nephew James, see note below.

[39] Married secondly, Rebecca S Frazee, 26 Nov 1839, Clermont County, Ohio. 1850 FC Clermont County, with wife Rebecca, nephew Albert, 1831, Ohio.

[40] 1820 U S Census: Washington, Clermont, Ohio; Page: 51; NARA Roll: M33_89;  Image: 40, Document #17.

[41] 1830 US Census: Washington, Clermont, Ohio; Page: 243; NARA Series: M19; Roll Number: 128.

[42] 1840 US Census: Washington, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: 384; Page: 191; Image: 386.

[43] 1850 FC Washington Township, Clermont County, Ohio: Elizabeth Guynn was born ca 1821 in Ohio.

[44] 1850 FC Monroe Township, Clermont County, Ohio: James Dixon, 30 Ohio. Also with family was widowed aunt, Elizabeth Moreton, 48 Pennsylvania.

[45] 1850 FC Washington Township, Clermont County, Ohio: Angeline Dunbar, 23 Ohio, i.e., born ca 1827.

[46] 1850 US Census: Washington, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: M432_667; Page: 35B; Image: 484.

[47] 1860 US Census: Moscow, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: M653_945; Page: 465; Image: 316.

[48] 1800 US Census: Jefferson, Greene, Pennsylvania; Roll: 40; Page: 65; Image: 103.

[49] 1810 US Census: Jefferson, Greene, Pennsylvania; Roll: 49; Page: 95; Image: 0193675.

[50] 1820 U S Census: Ohio, Clermont, Ohio; Page: 56; NARA Roll: M33_89; Image: 43. Document #18.

[51] Mount Holly Christian Chapel Cemetery listing at OHGenweb Clermont County, accessed 2 Dec 2012. Document #19.

[52] 1840 Census: Monroe, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: 384; Page: 203; Image: 410.

[53] 1850 Census: Monroe, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: M432_667; Page: 16A; Image: 445.

[54] 1880 Census: Monroe, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: 1000; Page: 180A; Enumeration District: 045; Image: 0362.

[55] Grave stone of Morgan Dickinson, Christian Cemetery, Hamlet, Clermont County, Ohio, photo from Document #20.

[56] Clermont County, Ohio, will book page 290, signed __ January 1890, probated 27 January 1892. Transcript. Document #21.

[57] 1840 Census: Ohio, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: 384; Page: 221; Image: 449.

[58] This census and the 1830 census were included with the supplemental application.

[59] 1830 US Census; Census Place: New Richmond, Clermont, Ohio; Page: 212; NARA Series: M19; Roll Number: 128.

[60] 1850 Louisa Co IA, Samuel Dickinson, age 22, living in Anna Dickinson’s household. Document #6.

[61] 1840 Census: Batavia, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: 384; Page: 117; Image: 239.

[62] 1840 Census: Ohio, Clermont, Ohio; Roll: 384; Page: 221; Image: 449.

[63] Charles’s own marriages in this published transcript use both spellings. Since he is listed once as “Charles C Dickenson,” it appears these spelling variations may be due to the handwriting of the original record.

[64] Grave stone of David W. Dickinson, Green Mound Cemetery, New Richmond, Clermont County, Ohio, photo from Document #22.

[65] Death certificate of Emily (Dickinson) Towner, died 1916, daughter of David W. Dickinson. Document #23.

[66] Arthur Springer, History of Louisa County, Iowa, 1911, page 257. Submitted as an addition to the supplemental application.

[67] Iowa Cemetery Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: Works Project Administration. Graves Registration Project. Washington, D.C.: n.p., n.d. Document #25.

[68] Plowdon Stevens, Stephens-Stevens Genealogy, page 105, included with title page, and History of Steuben Co NY, 1879, page 138, included with title page, on pages 72 and 75 of supplemental application document.

[69] See the notes given for Elisha Gilbert’s family on page 262 of the book, page 70 of the supplemental application.

[70] The new page will be the last page of this packet. I will also add the new data I have located for the death date and place of Anna (Gilbert) Dickinson.

[71] Images of the index cards are online at See Document #26-31.

[72] Correspondence with Mariessa Dobrick, Archivist, Vermont State Archives and Records Administration, 31 December 2012. Attached to Ms. Dobrick’s letter was the card catalog entry from Middletown Springs, Rutland County, Vermont, Vital Records, 1800-1867. Document #32.

[73] Supplemental application, pages 71-73.

[74] Middletown [Springs] Vermont Land Records Vol. 1, page 52. Other birth records show the date to have been 1785. Document 33.

[75] Iowa, State Census Collection, 1836-1925 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Microfilm of Iowa State Censuses, 1856, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925 as well various special censuses from 1836-1897 obtained from the State Historical Society of Iowa via Heritage Quest. Document #34.

[76] The 1850 censuses Anna Dickinson, Chloe “Gillaspie,” and Ebenezer Gilbert and the 1850 Mortality Schedule for Rachel Stephens are in the attached Documents #35-38.

[77] In 1776, Vermont was technically part of New York (see Michael Bellesiles, Revolutionary Outlaws: Ethan Allen and the Struggle for Independence on the Early American Frontier, University of Virginia Press, 1998, passim).

[78] If her birth record from Middletown, Vermont, is correct, she was 68.

[79] As will be seen below, it is possible Elisha Gilbert was at Fort Ticonderoga; Americans held that Fort until 1777, and Elisha may have been serving in that area of New York during that time (see “At its strongest, over 12,000 troops are stationed in this fortification”).

[80] Smith, H. P., and W. S. Rann, History of Rutland County, Vermont, 1886, page 668. Document #39.

[81] Documents #33, above.

[82] Supplemental application page 82.

[83] Document #39, above.

[84] Joseph Joslin, Barnes Frisbie, Fredrick Ruggles, A History of the Town of Poultney, VermontFrom Its Settlement to the Year 1875, with Family and Biographical Sketches and Incidents, 1875, page 41. Document #40.

[85] The State of Vermont. Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revolutionary War 1775 to 1783. Rutland, VT, USA: Tuttle, 1904, page 381. Also original image and image #21859859. Document #41-43.

[86] Document #44, prepared by this writer.

[87]The State of Vermont. Rolls of the Soldiersop. cit., page 236. Also images #21806707 and 21806716. Documents #45-46.

[88] The State of Vermont. Rolls of the Soldiersop. cit., page 141. Also images #9962326 (pay “role”) and 21806710 (Elisha Gilbert’s pay roll). Document #47-49.

Note that Vermont had declared itself a State and ratified the earliest constitution in the colonies by this data, except New Hampshire (1776). The Continental Congress did not recognize “the State of Vermont.”

[89] image #12219965, receipt with signature of civilian employee, Elisha Gilbert, carter. Document #50.

[90] images $12219844,12219848, 12219927 and 12219979 from the pension file of Ezekiel Blair. Document #51.

[91] This is significant because it relates to Elisha Gilbert’s marriage on 14 Jan 1776; if this is the same Elisha Gilbert, he was home in time to get married.

[92] Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution, Vol. 6, page 423: “Gilbort, Elisha, Williamstown. Private, Capt. Samuel Sloane’s co. of Minute-men; enlisted April 22, 1775; discharged May 5, 1775; service, 14 days.” Image not found at Document #52.

[93] Zadock Thompson, History Of Vermont, Natural, Civil And Statistical, In Three Parts, 1842, page 21. GoogleBooks.

[94] See Insert 4 for another Elisha Gilbert, from Stockbridge, Berkshire Co MA, given there as Elisha Gilbert B.

[95] Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors, loc. cit.

Published on November 30, 2013 at 3:30 am  Leave a Comment  

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