CRAIGHEAD, Robert, Sr., of Baltimore and Virginia

What follows is a genealogical study of the evidence, mostly circumstantial, linking John Craighead, one of my DAR patriots to his father, Robert Craighead, and the proposed grandfather, Rev. Thomas Craighead. For now, the shared DNA matches between this writer and descendants of at least three other children of Rev. Thomas are the best evidence for this family.

Traces of a possible ancestor named Robert Craighead were first found in Bedford County, Virginia, with three Craigheads, all born from about 1740 to 1750. These were:

  • John, born say 1740, paid taxes in Bedford County in 1782 through 1785 when his part of the county became Franklin County, Virginia, where his will was probated in 1808. He married Jane Maxey,[1] Elizabeth (Edmonson) Haile,[2] and Betsy Robinson.[3]
  • Peter, 27 years old in 1777,[4] served as a sergeant in the Virginia infantry during the Revolutionary War,[5] married a woman named Mary and had two or more children,[6] and left a will probated in Franklin County, 4 Sep 1786.[7]
  • Polly Craighead, who married John Kemp and settled in Franklin County.[8]

Then, Dave Casto discovered early records in Maryland that create a timeline for one man named Robert Craighead that starts in Baltimore in 1736. Casto wrote a summary of his research in 1991,[9] largely in the form of questions and hypotheses. Casto did not provide complete references to his research, but an abstract with known facts and reasonable conclusions.

The uncertainly about the father’s name shows in separate letters from Mr. Casto, where he says of the three Craigheads in Bedford County, “their father was Robert,” “their father may have been Robert,” and “the Robert Craighead who married Katherine Ward may have been their father.”

If this hypothesis is accepted, Robert Craighead was born in Ireland between about 1700 and 1712, probably the son of Thomas and Margaret (Wallace) Craighead. He was likely married four times, first to a widow Key, then to Katherine Ward, then to a third wife, said without sources to have been Susannah Haile, and then to Jemima (Robertson) Robinson. Only the 1736 marriage record has been located, and only the first two marriages are known to have involved a Robert. Robert died before Jemima’s 1785 will.[10]

After a childhood in Ireland, Massachusetts, and Delaware, Robert moved back and forth between Baltimore, and Virginia, with a possible time in Gloucester County, New Jersey.

He had a first marriage and a son born in Maryland about 1734. The first wife was probably from Gloucester County, New Jersey, and it is possible Robert was residing in Delaware, just across the Delaware River when he met and married her. Then, he was in Baltimore in 1736 and 1738, Prince William County, Virginia, in 1739,[11] possibly Amherst County, Virginia, by 1740, Bedford County, Virginia, at unknown dates, and back in Baltimore by as early as 1765 and definitely by 1776, where he likely died.

Life of Rev. Thomas Craighead

In 1876, James Geddes Craighead published the life of Thomas Craighead.[12] Several other works refer to Thomas’s Presbyterian ministry in Scotland, Ireland, New England, Delaware, and Pennsylvania, where he died immediately after pronouncing a benediction over his congregation.[13] A timeline of his life, moves, and ministry is as follows:

ca 1664-1671     “born and educated as a physician in Scotland”[14]

ca 1660-1711     the ministry of Thomas’s father, Rev. Robert Craighead, 30 years “elsewhere” in Ireland, thence at Donoughmore, Cork[15]

1691    “a Scots-Irish student at University of Edinburgh,”[16] awarded degree

1691-1697          three children baptized in Edinburgh[17]

1694    lawsuit against Margaret Cunningham[18]

1698    licensed by the Laggan (Stabane) Presbytery in Ireland, ordained at Ballintra, appointed minister in Donegal and Castlederg

1698-1714       no known records of four or five children’s births in Ireland

1714    to Massachusetts, with wife and children

1715    settled in Freetown, MA[19]

1723    preached in Boston, according to the diary of Joshua Hempstead[20]

1724    to New Castle Presbytery, pastor at White Clay Creek, DE[21]

1729    purchased land in White Clay Creek, DE[22]

1733    accepted call to church at Pequa and admitted to Donegal Presbytery, Lancaster Co PA[23]

1736    conflict over his wife taking communion[24]

1737    land warrant for 300 acres in Lancaster Co PA[25]

1738    death of wife, burial at White Clay Creek, DE[26]

1738    installed over churches at Hopewell, Big Spring, Middle Spring, and “most probably” Rocky Spring, PA[27]

1739    died in the pulpit and buried under the church edifice at Big Spring, PA[28]

On 21 July 1719, Cotton Mather wrote in support of Thomas Craighead, who he said was preaching at Freetown, about forty miles south of Boston; Mather urged the people to do all in their power to have Craighead settle among them and thus encourage him by giving “a demonstration of the wisdom that is from above.”  Mr. Thomas Craighead “was a man of an excellent spirit, and a real blessing to the plantation; a man of singular piety, meekness, humility, and industry in the work of God. All that are acquainted with him have a precious esteem of him, and if he should be driven from among you, it would be such a damage, yea, such a ruin, as is not without horror to be thought of.”[29]

By contrast, from the lawsuit in 1694 in Scotland through conflicts in Massachusetts over finances to the public denunciation of his wife in 1736, it appears “the Rev. Thomas Craighead had the unhappy gift of discord and he led a somewhat stormy life, although he was a fearless and a useful minister.”[30] Presbytery minutes note “a spirit of contention and an uncharitable stiffness of temper.”[31]

Although nothing in all of these documents and books mentions a son named Robert, it is possible that by the time James Geddes Craighead’s book was written 150 years later, Rev. Thomas Craighead’s “uncharitable spirit” had caused one son to be dropped from family memories and recollections.

Known Locations of Thomas Craighead and Robert Craighead

From 1724 to 1738, Rev. Thomas Craighead was minister of the White Clay Creek Presbyterian Church in Delaware, about nine miles from the Delaware River at New Castle, Delaware, near present-day I-95 and about 60 miles from Baltimore.

Based on the later residence of both his wife’s son from a first marriage and their shared son, Robert Craighead’s first wife may have come from Swedesboro, Gloucester County, New Jersey, a town a few miles upriver and then seven miles on the other side of the Delaware River from White Clay Creek. He moved to Baltimore either during their marriage or after her death, taking his son Robert, Jr., with him.

The earliest known reference to Robert Craighead was his marriage to Katherine Ward on 24 Jun 1736 in Baltimore, MD.[32] And he was still in Baltimore when he signed an apprenticeship document for a five-year-old son Robert Jr in June 1738.[33] He must have moved to Virginia that year, as Robert Craighead was listed as a tithable in 1738 in King William Co VA.[34] Casto assumed both the sending out of his son and the move to Virginia were due to the death of the second wife, Katherine Ward.

Robert Craighead, Jr., of Gloucester County, New Jersey

Robert Craighead, Jr., settled in Woolwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey. His age is known from the 1738 apprenticeship document and his military service records. Documents further detail his life: his marriage and children,[35] his 1756 service in the French and Indian War, when he was a resident of Baltimore, 21 years old, and a hunter,[36] his half-brother William Key’s will,[37] a census in 1779,[38] and his burial record on 31 Dec 1790.[39]

Thus, prior to 1734 Robert Craighead, Sr., had married a widow Key with a son William Key; she was the mother of Robert Craighead, Jr., born ca 1734. It has been suggested that the widow Key possibly was the former Jane Smith, of Gloucester Co NJ, widow of John Key (Kay) Jr of Gloucester Co. This relationship was deduced by Dave Casto, since, as stated above, William Key in his 1774 will mentions a half-brother Robert Craghead.[40] This writer disagrees, since Jane Smith’s husband, John Kay/Key was living as late as 1741 (See The Kay/Key Family, below).

The first wife of Robert Craighead, Sr., remains known in family records only as “the Widow Key.” Probably, they were married in Gloucester Co NJ or in Delaware, then moved to Baltimore, Maryland, where their son was born.

Robert Craighead, Sr., and his Children in Bedford County, Virginia

This is the chronology for Robert Sr proposed by Casto:

1733           marriage to a widow Kay/Key

1734           birth of son Robert Jr and death of first wife

1736           marriage to Katherine Ward in Baltimore

1738           assumed death of the second wife

1738           binding out of his orphaned son

1738           move to Virginia

1740s          a third marriage and births of John, Polly, and Peter

1760s          return of Robert Sr to Baltimore

1760s          marriage to widow Jemima (Robertson) Robinson

1765 or later       birth of daughter Charlotte

1776           Maryland census naming Jemima Cregget

1785           widow Jemima Craighead paid taxes and made a will, naming four children

By about 1750, three Craigheads had been born who later lived in the Bedford Co VA area. It is generally stated that Robert married for the third time, a woman possibly named Susan, identified with no evidence this writer has seen as Susannah Haile. This wife was the mother of the children born in Virginia.[41]

Concerning John Craighead, one of the three Bedford County children of Robert Craighead, neither the Cra(i)ghead book in 1953 nor Dave Casto in 1991 had discovered that John’s first wife was Jane Maxey and his second wife was Elizabeth (Edmonson) Haile, mother-in-law of his daughter Jane.

Jemima Craighead and her Daughter, Charlotte Creggit

      Jemima Robertson was born in Maryland, say 1725, and married Richard Robinson, Jr. in Baltimore on 15 Sep 1749[42]; by 1776 was using the name Craghead, or Cregget, when she was listed as a head of household in Deptford Hundred, Baltimore County.[43] Her 1785 will listed four children, the first three probably children of her first husband and one named Craighead: Claudius (“should he ever return”), Elizabeth (married in 1769 to William Hitchcock), Cordelia (married – Fabel), and Charlotte; the executors of her will were Cornelius Wells, Charlotte Wells, and James Chilton.

      The theory that Jemima was the fourth wife of Robert Craighead, Sr., is based on the lack of another Craighead of suitable age in Maryland to be her husband and the father of Charlotte and the fact that the Robert Craighead of this document had prior dealings and connections in Baltimore.

Circumstantial Evidence that Robert Craighead Sr was a son of the noted Presbyterian minister, Thomas Craighead (1664-1738) is as follows:

  1. At least seven DNA matches between this writer and descendants of three known children of Thomas Sr: Thomas Jr, Alexander, and Jane (Craighead) Boyd, between 8.5 and 17 centimorgans.[44]
  2. Referring to Robert Craighead Jr, Pastor Nicholas Collin in his diary for 1775 noted “On September 8 [I] baptized Jan, almost four years old, son of an Irishman, Craighead, [married] to a Swedish wife. The parents’ excuse for the long delay was the distance to the church (about one [Swedish] mile) [and] lack of horses with which to drive [to church].”[45] Rev. Thomas Craighead came to America from Ireland, where Robert appears to have been born.
  3. Rev. Thomas Craighead and Robert Craighead resided during the same years, in the same area along the Delaware River: White Clay Creek, Delaware, to Gloucester County, New Jersey, to Baltimore, Maryland.
  4. Both families used some of the same names, especially Robert and John.
  5. The 1896 book is now known to omit at least two or three children of Thomas and Margaret (Wallace) Craighead who were born in Scotland between 1691 and 1697 and also some of the children of their son Alexander Craighead. There also are numerous errors of dates and names, i.e., Bumstead for Hempstead. This lends credence to Casto’s claim that Robert may also have been omitted. He was likely born about the time the couple moved to Ireland or during their stay there; records of the children’s births in Ireland have not been found.

“The Widow Key” may have been a Quaker (see below), and her son Robert Jr. was a member of Trinity Episcopal Church in Woolwich, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Casto and others have assumed this one or more changes of denomination started with Robert Sr and was the reason he was not mentioned in the 1876 book, which emphasized the Presbyterian background and especially the ministerial histories of the Craigheads.

Robert Craighead Sr was the father of:

with wife #1:

• Robert Craighead, “Irishman,” born ca 1734 in Baltimore, died in 1790 Gloucester Co NJ, married Mary Cox, “Swedish,” and had the following children:

  1. Elizabeth CRAIGHEAD, married John Cox
  2. Rebecca CRAIGHEAD, married Daniel England
  3. Job CRAIGHEAD, b 12 Oct 1764
  4. William CRAIGHEAD, 17 Mar 1769
  5. John CRAIGHEAD, b 31 Dec 1771
  6. Mary CRAIGHEAD, 8 Sep 1775
  7. Joseph CRAIGHEAD, 12 Jan 1780

with wife #3:

• John Craighead, born ca 1740 in what was later called Chesterfield Co VA, married three times, and had the following children:

With Jane Maxey,

  1. Susannah CRAIGHEAD, b. Oct 1763, Virginia, married George KEY[46]
  2. Jane CRAIGHEAD, b. abt 1764, Virginia, married James Edmonson HAIL [my ancestors]
  3. Anne CRAIGHEAD, b. abt 1765, Virginia, married James Lewis HALE
  4. Dicey CRAIGHEAD, b. abt 1768, Virginia, married Haile MAXEY
  5. Mary CRAIGHEAD, b. & d. 1770, Virginia
  6. Robert Maxey CRAIGHEAD, b. 25 Sep 1772, Bedford Co VA, married Nancy POWELL
  7. John CRAIGHEAD, b. 25 Sep 1774, Franklin Co VA, married Sally POWELL
  8. William CRAIGHEAD, b. abt 1776, Franklin Co VA
  9. Timothy CRAIGHEAD, b. 1782, Franklin Co VA, married Mary AGEE
  10. Hester CRAIGHEAD, b. ca 1777/8, Franklin Co VA
  11. Isaiah CRAIGHEAD, b. 10 Sep 1782, Franklin Co VA, married Feminine ROBINSON

With Betsy Robinson,

  1. Lucy R CRAIGHEAD, b abt 1801, married James ENGLISH

• Polly Craighead, born ca 1743 in Virginia, married John Kemp, and had the following probable children:[47]

  1. Thomas KEMP, b 1761 or 1763, d 1 Aug 1831, married Esther Maxey
  2. Robert KEMP, possibly the man who married Milly Edmondson, 2 Oct 1786, likely married 6 Dec 1802 Sally Mattox
  3. William KEMP, possibly the man who married Susannah Hail, 24 Dec 1790
  4. Jordan KEMP, possibly the man who married Peggy Mattox, 1 Dec 1795
  5. John KEMP, died in Missouri, married 13 Aug 1799 Fanny Dudley
  6. Martha KEMP
  7. Polly KEMP, married 24 Dec 1790 Richard Robertson

• Peter Craighead, born ca 1750 in Virginia, married Mary, and had the following children:[48]

  1. Peter CRAIGHEAD, born 1784, died 1860 Smith Co TN, married Jane DeLong
  2. Shelton CRAIGHEAD, born 1790, died 1833 probably in Smith Co TN
  3. Martha CRAIGHEAD, married 18 Dec 1797, George Sullivant in Franklin Co VA, consent of John and Polly “Camp,” surety Thomas Camp
  4. Elizabeth CRAIGHEAD, married — Harper

with wife #4:

• Charlotte Craighead; born ca 1765, as Charlotte “Greggit” married 11 Feb 1783 Cornelius Wells in Baltimore, Maryland.[49] Their ages may have been reported incorrectly in the Baltimore census of 1800 (both 16-25),[50] but correctly in 1810 (26-44)[51] By 1820, Cornelius Wells was living in Washington, DC (male over 45, no female in that age group).[52] If this is the correct couple, they had one son born before 1790, one 1790-1800, one 1800-1810, and three daughters 1800-1810, while Charlotte likely died between 1810 and 1820. A known daughter was:

  1. Harriet WELLS, named in her grandmother’s 1785 will.

The Kay/Key Family

Dave Casto’s missing research covered collateral families, such as the Kay/Key Quakers of Gloucester County, New Jersey.[53] Immigrant John Kay was born into a Quaker family in 1656 in Yorkshire.[54]  He married Elizabeth Fearne in 1684 in the Darby Monthly Meeting, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.[55] His children’s births were recorded at the Haddonfield Monthly Meeting, Camden New Jersey, all listed as Kay. Several, clearly the same individuals, are later called Key in the same records. In addition to attending the Quaker Monthly Meeting in Camden County, John Kay was actively involved in the politics of Gloucester County, New Jersey, where he lived from his arrival in America until his death.[56]

This couple’s son John was noticed several times in the meeting records available at Ancestry.com. He was their second child, born 22 Aug 1686, with the birth recorded at the Haddonfield Monthly Meeting.[57] He was married for the first time in 1707 to Sarah Langstone, also at the Haddonfield Monthly Meeting.[58] On 9 May 1720, he was condemned by the same Monthly Meeting for “having long kept company” with Jane Smith, “a woman of another profession,”[59] even though he had “now at length married her by license.”[60] On 21 Jul of the same year, he appealed the earlier meeting condemnation (“judgment” is crossed out and “procedurem” inserted; men were named to carry a copy of the judgment (the word is left here) to the Quarterly Meeting and speak for the monthly meeting.[61] On 11 Sep 1721, John Kay submitted an “application for reconciliation in regard to his out goeing in marrying a woman of another communion” accompanied by a letter in which he admitted his wrongs and stated he was “sory” for them. The Monthly Meeting called this “satisfaction for his out goeing.”[62]

In 1730, John Kay and Sarah Ellis were married in the Haddonfield Monthly Meeting, “with nothing to obstruct” the marriage;[63] This is a second marriage for John Kay, Sr., as seen in his 1741 will, where the widow is called Sarah. Neither of the second marriages, John Sr’s to Sarah Ellis or John Jr’s to Jane Smith, is mentioned in Richard Haines’s Genealogy of the Stokes Family. In his will, dated 12 mo. 20 1740-41 (20 Feb 1740/1), and affirmed 15 Sep 1741, John Kay [64]Sr., named his wife, three sons and one daughter, one grandson (son of son Josiah), several granddaughters, and a servant with the family name of his first wife. Son John received a house in Evesham, 300 pounds to be paid by his brother Isaac, a warrant of survey for 400 acres, and a seventh part of residual estate.[65] John was also the executor of his father’s estate.

John Kay, Jr.’s first marriage, to Sarah Langstone, was also recorded in Gloucester County, New Jersey.[66] This researcher has not located any children from that marriage. John, Jr., was obviously living in 1741.

It was a reasonable inference for Casto to identify John Kay, Jr., as the father of William Key, who died in 1774 in Gloucester County, New Jersey. William Key did not leave as many records as other family members. The clearest record is his will, that names wife Mary, sons Job, John, William, Joseph, and Thomas, daughters Hannah Beckett and Sarah Key, and half-brother Robert “Craghead.”[67] But John Kay, the son of John Kay, Sr., could not have left a widow, who then married Robert Craighead, Sr., by 1733 or earlier.

As listed in Haines, John Kay, Sr., had nine children, seven sons and two daughters. In order, the sons were Joshua, died 1711; John; Josiah, born 1690; Joseph, born 1692 and died 1725, with no mention in his father’s will; Benjamin, born 1694, no mentioned in his father’s will; Samuel, 1696-1706, aged 10 years; and Isaac, born 1704. Since John, Isaac, and Josiah were living in 1741, none of them is the father of William Key. Joshua and Samuel died too early to be William’s father.

If Benjamin or Joseph Key left a widow and son William, facts show her marrying a Presbyterian and the son later becoming an Episcopalian. It would fit the same hypothesis of sectarianism that the grandfather wrote his grandson out of the family. Did Rev. Thomas Craighead disown a son who turned away from Presbyterianism, while John Kay/Key Sr disowned a grandson who left the Quakers?

© 2018 Kathy Alvis Patterson

___________________

The following ten-page essay was written by Dave Casto in 1991 [with these introductory notes by A.C. Craighead]. Dave first became involved in research on the Craighead Family by his marriage to Ruth Craighead. Unfortunately, Dave died about 1998 or so, and I do not know of where Ruth is or whether she is still alive.

Dave and Ruth’s obsession was to write a sequel to the 1876 book by James Geddes Craighead for the 1976 Bicentennial. Unfortunately, they did not succeed in this effort. The ultimate size of the Casto collection of genealogical material and its disposition after Dave’s death is also unknown to me.

The original of this essay in my possession is slightly miscopied and thus the top edges of some pages were cut short. I believe, however, that most of the content is present. The original was transferred to disk by optical reader and edited by hand to match the original as best I could, but there may be some errors. The OCS reader was particularly prone to interpret zeros as eights. Therefore, errors may be either mine or Dave’s. -A.C.]

CRAIGHEADS IN EARLY MARYLAND

prepared by Dave Casto

1994 Valparaiso Ave

Menlo Park CA 94025

Revised January 1991

INTRODUCTION:

Nearly all Craigheads in the USA descend in two branches, each documented in book form. There is additional literature on a few sub-branches.

From a Rev Thomas Craighead, described in the book The Craighead Family, A Genealogical Memoir of the descendants of Rev Thomas and Margaret Craighead, 1658-1876, by Rev James Geddes Craighead, 1876.

From a Robert Craghead, of Bedford Co VA, described in the book The Cra(i)gheads of VA/MO, by Mrs W. B. Craghead and Mrs F. A. Craighead, 1953.

Although it is clear that all have roots in Scotland, and that Craghead and Creaghead (as well as Cregget, Cregat, etc.) are variations of Craighead, it has never been established that the two USA branches were closely related.

Overlooked until recently are four Cragheads in Maryland in the 1700s who seem to provide an additional generation back for the Virginia Cragheads, and may well be the link between the two branches, namely:

A Robert Cragghead who married Katherine Ward, in 1736 in Baltimore Co., MD. A Robert Craghead, born in MD, settled in Gloucester Co NJ, and died 1790. A Jemima Robertson Robinson Craghead, who died in Baltimore Co MD in 1785. A John Creagat, who died in Frederick Co MD in 1765.

CONCLUSIONS:

  1. Robert Craghead Sr who married Katherine Ward in 1736 was the father of:

Robert Craghead born ca 1734 in Baltimore, who died in Gloucester Co NJ

John Craghead born ca 1740 in Bedford Co VA

Polly Craghead Kemp born ca 1743 in Virginia

Peter Craghead born ca 1750 in Virginia.

(?) Charlotte Craghead born ca 1765

  1. The mother of all these children (except Charlotte) could have been Katherine Ward; however, she may have died about 1738.

It is likely, however, that prior to 1734 Robert Sr married a widow Key with son William Key, and that she was the mother of Robert Craghead Jr, born ca 1734. Widow Key possibly was the former Jane Smith, of Gloucester Co NJ, widow of John Key (Kay) Jr of Gloucester Co.

And if Katherine did die ca 1738, Robert Sr married again (third marriage?) to father John, born ca 1748 etc.

  1. Before 1776, Robert Craghead Sr returned to Baltimore and married widow Jemima Robertson Robinson, born ca 1730, who died again a widow in 1785, leaving 4 children. One of them, Charlotte, may have been a child of Robert Craghead Sr.
  2. Robert Craghead Sr could easily have been the eldest son of Rev Thomas and Margaret Craighead. If so, John Craghead, born ca 1748 and Peter Craghead, born ca 1758, were grandsons of Rev Thomas. The logic for this is stronger than for any other alternatives.
  3. John Creagat who died in Frederick Co Md in 1765, wife Catherine, was not in either immediate family, but is a strong candidate for father of Private Robert Craighead, born ca 1745, of Allegheny County, PA.
  4. General: The Craighead family histories which I have seen, in their excellent efforts to discuss American origins, have not mentioned the Craigheads in early Maryland. In both time and geography, they may well have been related to either or both of the main US Craighead lines.

The following questions should be asked about these Maryland Craigheads:

  1. Were they related to each other, and if so how?
  2. Could any of them be the parents of John and Peter Craghead of Virginia (born 1748 and 1750)?
  3. Could any of them be related to the Rev Thomas Craighead who came from Ireland in 1715?

Name variations:

Craighead was clearly the original Scottish spelling, and the spelling used most commonly; many Cragheads changed back to it. Creaghead was often used by educated family members in America, though strangely not in Scotland. Third party records, often dependent on pronunciation, differed for the same individual, and influence me to accept all spellings without prejudice for genealogy purposes. Most individuals used whatever the parent used, and I see no reason for concern or change.

Robinson, Robertson, Robisson, etc., is similar. In going through tax or church records, two or three variations may be found for the same person, and the same family themselves sometimes varied in a later generation.

  1. Summary of facts on the four early Maryland Craigheads:
  2. The only footprint of John Creagatt is in Frederick County, Maryland, between 1762 and 1765, where he died.
  3. The Robert Craghead who married Katherine Ward in Baltimore in 1736, and had a son Robert born ca 1734, would likely have been born prior to 1715. The fact that he bound out his son Robert at age 5 in 1738 might indicate that his wife died by that year. Katherine was probably not the mother of Robert Jr., since he was born two years prior to the marriage, and since other evidence shows the mother of Robert Jr to have been a widow Key.

It is probable that Katherine Ward had siblings Daniel, Elizabeth, John, and Joseph, and was the daughter of Joseph and Brigette Ward of Balt Co.

  1. Robert Craghead Jr, born ca 1734, appeared in Gloucester Co NJ, in the 1760s, after having served in Gist ‘s military company. He married Maria Cox., of local parents, left several children, and died in 1798 [sic] in NJ.

The will of William Key of Gloucester Co NJ, died 1774, named him as a half-brother. His preacher’s diary labeled him “an Irishman, born 1734 in MD”.

There are given name similarities between the children of Robert Craghead Jr and William Key Sr.

William Key Jr, son of William Key Sr, in 1776 had a son of Robert Craghead Jr (Job, born 1764) in his household.

A Job Key, probably a son of William Key Sr, served in 1775 in Maryland troops in Baltimore Co as 2d Lt. mentions 4 children, and 2 grandchildren.

  1. Jemima Robertson married a Richard Robinson, Jr. in 1748, and by 1776 was using the name Craghead. (All in Balt Co).

One of Jemima’s daughters, Charlotte, used the name Creggit in marrying a Cornelius Wells in 1783. If she was Robert Craghead’s daughter, the marriage of Jemima and Robert would be as early as 1765.

  1. Further details and discussion on the four early Craigheads:
  2. John Creagat (Cregat)
  3. A John Creagatt died in Frederick County, Maryland in 1765, leaving a wife Catherine. Will dated 18 Sept. 1763 (liber A, p246). He left real estate, and witnesses were Richard Batter, C Beatty, and Bernard Wrens. Frederick. Co Inventories show an inventory for John Cregat on 11 October 1765, by Benjamin Beall, Charles Blackmore, Meredith Davis, Jacob Lochman, and John Ripley. (liber 41, p 214).
  4. At that time most of the state west of Baltimore was “Frederick Co”.
  5. Frederick Co deeds (liber 6, p492 liber H p347) show deeds from Casper Myer to John Cregat, yeoman, dated 18 May 1762 and 1 March 1763, witness Barbara Myer. (both part of Longacre Tract, on the left hand of main road leaving from Fredericktown to Conochoque).
  6. There is no evidence, other than geographic proximity, to show that John Creagat of Frederick Co MD, was closely related to other Craigheads in America. It is interesting that there were other Craigheads in Baltimore Co and in Delaware to the east, in Lancaster Co PA just to the north, and in Virginia to the south.

A John Craighead is known to have preached in Frederick Co in the 1765-75 period. However, he was likely the son of Rev Thomas Craighead’s John, who was ordained in 1763 and preached in Lancaster Co PA, to the north.

  1. This John Creagat does become a candidate for father of Pvt Robert Craighead born 1743, who married Mary Davidson, settled in Allegheny Co PA. The fact that the name Catherine is associated with this family is worth noting but cannot be counted upon since Rev Thomas had a sister Catherine. (Pvt Robert is thought by some to be son of Rev. Thomas Craighead’s son John, even though not mentioned in the 1876 book; the connection has nothing but geography to back it.
  2. Robert Craghead, (who married Katherine Ward)
  3. On 24 June 1736, in Baltimore, a Robert Cragghead married Katherine Ward in St Paul’s Parish, Baltimore Co. (MHR reel 994, Vol. Ml, p104 )

(In the same parish. Elizabeth Ward md 1733 Thomas Barton, Daniel Ward md 1733 Ann Boyed, John Ward md 1737 Sarah Burrough, and Joseph Ward Jr md 1743 Hannah Lee; all appear to be children of Joseph and Brigette Ward).

  1. In June 1738, “Robert Creaghead, age 5, son of Robert” was bound to Gervase Biddison, in Baltimore Co with consent of his father “to learn him the trade of common weaver”. (Court procedures liber HSW la, p 222).

A Jarvis Biddeson, son of Thomas, was born ca 1715 and died 8 December 1773, wife Mary. Thomas Sr also father of Thomas b 1721, and Susanna b 1724. A Jarvis Biddeson married a Ruth Robinson in the Harford area 13 Feb 1770.

  1. On 13 July 1756, a Robert Craghead, age 21, born Maryland, enlisted in Baltimore in the military (survey, scouts?) company of Christopher Gist.

Gist was serving under George Washington at the time, who was having great difficulty getting recruits.

The Gists attended the same St Paul’s Episcopal Church, Baltimore County.

It seems clear that Robert Craghead who married Katherine Ward in 1736 was the father of Robert Craghead born 1734 who died in Gloucester Co NJ in 1790, and possible that Katherine Ward was the mother

A more likely alternative is for Robert Jr ‘s mother to have died between 1734 and 1736, and Robert Sr then to marry Katherine Ward. The assumption that Katherine Ward then died by 1738 (as indicated by Robert age 5 being bound to Biddeson) would still be reasonable.

Such an earlier marriage of Robert Sr provides the logical link to Keys of NJ, by his first marriage being to a widow Key. The pieces fall together nicely if Robert Craghead Sr’s first wife was the widow of John Key (Kay) Jr of Gloucester Co NJ, the former Jane Smith.

  1. Robert Craghead, Gloucester Co NJ
  2. About 1768, in Gloucester County, New Jersey, a Robert Craghead married Mary Cox, daughter of Swedish parents Eric and Magdalena Cox. At least 6 children were born (Rebecca, Job, William, John, Mary, Joseph). This Robert died in 1790 in Gloucester County.
  3. The diary of his pastor (about 1775), Rev Nicholas Collins [sic], describes Robert Craghead as an Irishman, said to be born in Maryland in 1734.

This casual mention as “Irish” may be an important clue to his being the son [sic-grandson] of Rev Thomas Craighead.

  1. In 1774, in Gloucester Co NJ, a William Key died, and in his will left 30 pounds to his “half-brother ” Robert Craghead.

NJ Key family records show a William Key Sr born between 1700 and 1730, son of a John Key (Kay) Jr, of Gloucester County [Haines does not list a son William. KP]. There were three marriages for the name John Kay: Sarah Langston in 1707, Jane Smith in 1720, and Sarah Ellis in 1730.

Unfortunately, I have found no will or death record for John Key Jr, and can only assume he died 1725-38, and that his widow was Jane Smith Key, who then married Robert Craghead. The hints that it was Jane Smith include:

John Kay Sr (1656-1742) left a will showing a widow Sarah, whom I assume to be Sarah Ellis. Since both the Ellis family and John Kay Sr were landed and prominent Quakers, this can be researched.

John Kay Sr ‘s will did not mention his son John in 1742. Since William Key Sr (son of John Key Jr) was obviously an OLDER half-brother of Robert Craghead Jr born 1734, and William Key Sr had other siblings, it seems more likely that William Key Sr was the product of a 1720 marriage (to Jane Smith) than a 1738 marriage to (Sarah Ellis).

Though it does not prove WHICH John Kay, note that both a John Kay and a William Key Sr married Smith women (Jane and Barbara).

  1. William Key Sr and his son William were managers of Raccoon Island, Gloucester Co.

William Key Sr married Barbara Smith in 1743, had children Thomas, Hannah, William, Sarah, John, Job, and Joseph, and died 1774. (The will mentioning his half-brother Robert Craghead, etc). This son Job served in 1775 in Maryland troops, in Baltimore County, MD, home of Robert Craghead Sr and Jemima, and is the only pertinent Key footprint in Maryland.

William Key Jr married Elizabeth Hendricson and died about 1785. In 1776 he was attacked in his home by British soldiers, in the presence of his wife and a young Job Creaghead born 1764 (son of Robert Craghead Jr).

  1. Jemima Craghead, died Baltimore Co 1785.
  2. In Baltimore, in 1785, a Jemima Craghead died, leaving a will. It lists a son Claudius, daughters Elizabeth, Cordelia, and Charlotte, and granddaughters Jemima Hitchcock, Claresa Fabel, and Harriet Wells. It mentions negro slaves. The executors were Cornelius Wells, Charlotte Wells, and John Chilton. Witnesses were Peter Steel, Richard Lawrence, and Nicholas Kirby.
  3. Inventory of 14 July 1787 by James Morgan and William West. James Coulter, creditor. Estate of 162 pounds. (MHR Inventory Box 32, folder 1)
  4. 17 March 1747: “Jemima Robinson offers for lease the (property of) the late Mordecai Hammond, situated on the North side of Severn Creek” (Anne Arundel Co). Barnes shows an Anne Arundel Co marriage on 2 Sept. 1719, Mordecai Hammond to Frances Lilingston (There was a prominent Anglican minister in Maryland in 1784, with interests in NJ, named John Lilington).
  5. 15 Sept. 1748: Jemima Robertson married Richard Robinson, St John’s Parish, Balt Co. (date from Parish Register, MHR Reel M416 other lists show year as 1747, and 1749)
  6. 2 Feb 1769: Cordelia Robison married William Hitchcock., St John’s Parish.

He is likely the William Hitchcock born 1746, Queen Anne’s Church, Md., son of Mary Ann and Richard Hitchcock.

William Hitchcock apparently was an attorney.

Elizabeth Hitchcock married Seaborn Tuckin (Tucker?) 9 Nov 1762, Harford, Joppa, St. John’s Parish, Baltimore County.

Cordelia Robinson’s marriage date of 1769 is consistent with her mother Jemima’s marriage date of 1747-49 to Richard Robinson, Jr.

1790 Baltimore Co Census shows a William Hitchcock: 1 male, 1 female, 1 child, 1 slave. (This would seem to be William and Cordelia, their daughter Jemima, and the slave inherited from Jemima Craghead)

  1. 1776 census of Baltimore Co Deptford Hundred: Jemima Creggett (Md History Magazine vol 25, p 271). This establishes her marriage date to Robert Craghead as prior to 1777.
  2. Jan-Oct 1777: Five military receipts for washing clothes, nursing, etc., to Jamima Craighead. Two by a William Robertson. (Md State Papers, Series D)
  3. 11 Feb 1785: Charlotte Creggit married Cornelius Wells. (A second tally of marriages shows it Charlotte Craighead, of St Paul’s Parish).

7 July 1786, Land transaction, Baltimore Co Fells Point (now in Balt City) Cornelius Wells to John Cooper. MHR Index 117, WG-Z p 513. (no mention of wife, or estate)

Her use of the name Craighead raises the question or whether she was the daughter of Robert Craghead Sr, and Jemima, or had simply taken a step-father’s name.

If age 16 in when married, she would have been born as late as 1767. Since we know of no children of Robert Sr in Virginia after Peter born 1758, there is plenty of time leeway for him to have married Jemima prior to Charlotte’s birth.

Her use of the Craighead name is thus the only clue I assume she was Robert’s daughter. If so, it would place his marriage to Jemima, probably his fourth, prior to 1767, say ca 1765, with Jemima still under age 48.

I have been unable to find any record of brother Claudius (other than the will saying “should he ever return”), or of sister Elizabeth who married Mr Fabel, so have no idea whether they used the name Robinson or Craighead. Both were obviously older than Charlotte, so I assume were Robinsons.

  1. 1783 Tax; list of Deptford Hundred, Baltimore Co.:

Jemima Creggett: 1 male, 3 females (I assume this to be son Claudius, Jemima, Charlotte, and ‘?’; should the male have been Robert Sr, one would expect him to be shown as head of household.)

(Same list, further down, shows a George Wells and a George Robinson) MHR Index 65 shows it as Jemima Craighead.

  1. From scrutiny of records of Baltimore County in the 1700’s, it is clear that the Robinson’s [sic], Robertsons, Biddesons, Standifords, Bonds, Hitchcock’s [sic], Wards, and Cragheads were more than casual neighbors in the Harford area. There were no Keys. And among them Jemima was a popular name.

One particular family, that of a Richard Robinson who died 1778 in Baltimore Co (Balt Co wills, box 13, folder 74, at MHR) seemed likely to be the first husband of Jemima Craghead, and would involve her with Standifords. However, by tracing out marriages of children to Elliot, Bull, etc, this did not prove reasonable.

  1. Was Jemima Craghead the widow of Robert Craghead Sr?

It seems probable that before 1776, the Robert Craghead who had married Katherine Ward in 1736, married widow Jemima Robertson Robinson. He then died before her 1785 will. Indicators include:

  1. We can find no other Craghead in America eligible to marry Jemima. All the known male Craigheads in America over 40 appear to be accounted for in the 1768-1785 period, most with known spouses. Jemima was probably born circa 1738; one would expect her second husband to be even older.
  2. There were Robinsons in Bedford Co VA married to Cragheads about 1800. Although there were many Robinsons in both Maryland and Virginia, the fact that Robert probably came to Baltimore from Virginia makes it worth noting.
  3. No record is found in Bedford Co VA, of what happened to the father of John, born ca 1748, and Peter, born ca 1758, after 1750. Although he simply may have died early, he may have left the area; it at least fits the scenario if he went to Baltimore Co and married Jemima Robinson. Both John and Peter would have been over 20 by 1770, suggesting 1770-75 as the logical time.
  4. That Jemima is in Baltimore County, where Robert Craghead Sr had lived in 1738, is very persuasive. Did she move to Virginia during her first marriage to Richard Robinson, or after his death, and meet Robert there? Did Robert return to Baltimore, perhaps after death of his third wife in Virginia?
  5. For Job Key, nephew of Robert Craghead Sr, to be in Baltimore County troops in 1775, would otherwise be highly coincidental.
  6. Was it the same Robert Craghead Sr, first in Baltimore and then Virginia?
  7. It seems probable that Robert Craghead, of Virginia, father of John Craghead born 1748 and Peter Craghead born ca 1758, was the same Robert Craghead who married Katherine Ward in 1736, and who had earlier married Widow Key.
  8. A Robert Craghead appeared in King William County, Virginia as a tithable in 1738, the same year a Robert Craghead bound out his son in nearby Baltimore Co. Other researchers have concluded this 1738 Robert was the father of John, Polly, and Peter.
  9. John born 1748 could have been the child of a new Virginia marriage, or even a son of Katherine Ward if living, as far as ages go.
  10. There were Keys in Bedford Co VA, where John born 1748 lived. (George Key married Susanna Craghead in 1785; John Kay sold land to John Craghead in 1778, etc).
  11. Though a very minor point, Robert the father of John 1748 and Peter 1758, is NOT known to have named a son Robert in Virginia, perhaps because he had already had one in Maryland.
  12. The fact that Robert Sr would have returned to Baltimore, and that the timing for both his departure and his return fits the Virginia situation, is persuasive, in view of the very few Craigheads in America at that time.
  13. Could the Maryland Cragheads be related to Rev Thomas Craighead who came to America in 1715?
  14. Researchers of the descendants of John and Peter Craghead of Virginia have long speculated on whether they were closely related to Rev Thomas. The most widely used conclusion to date is that Robert Craighead born 1721 (07 in the 1876 book, son of Rev Thomas Craighead’s son Thomas, and stated as having died single in the East Indies) did not die single but ended up in Virginia. The two reasons were that he was the only available Robert and was of the right age (barely).
  15. A possibility long recognized is that Rev Thomas Craighead may have had an eldest son Robert who was omitted from the 1876 book. The case is strong that such a good Scotsman would have named his eldest son after the paternal grandfather (Rev Robert Craighead). Such a son may have not migrated, might have died, or may have migrated and been omitted from the book. In any case, an eldest son would have been born ca 1700 or earlier.
  16. Data on the Maryland Cragheads provides no evidence to PROVE their connection (or the Virginia Cragheads’ connection) to Rev Thomas. However, it does provide a logical set of bodies and events to fully meet the alternative that an eldest son Robert came to America and was omitted from the 1876 book.

One might also note that the Presbyterian religion was a major theme of the 1876 book and might wonder if a son who left the church (and married four times) might be intentionally omitted. It has always been astounding to me that an 1876 researcher would not even have mentioned SOME the Cragheads of Virginia, Tennessee, and Missouri; he could not help being aware of them since they were in many of the same areas and outnumbered the line he was describing. (The author also chose to ignore the many blacks who took the name Craighead after the Civil War.)

  1. The proximity of Gloucester Co NJ, Philadelphia, northern Delaware, and northeastern Maryland, and the good communication among them, was at least convenient, and the relationship makes good sense geographically (all within 50 miles of one another). Gloucester Co, Philadelphia, and White Clay Creek were within 20 miles, with easy water connections.
  2. Rev Thomas preached at White Clay Creek, New Castle area, Delaware, from 1723 to 1733. Son Thomas, born 1702, remained there with his family. An older son, born ca 1700, might well have done the same, or at least not moved on to Lancaster Co PA, with the parents and younger children.
  3. Rev Thomas’s son John lived in Philadelphia prior to 1742, when he moved to Lancaster County, though it is not known if he went there from Delaware, or from Lancaster Co.
  4. The Key half-brothers [more than one?] of Robert Craghead Jr were residents of Gloucester Co as was their mother. Robert Craghead Jr returned there after serving with Gist.
  1. Much remains to be searched
  2. We have described a Robert Craighead, born ca 1700, died prior to 1785, son of Margaret and Rev Thomas Craighead, and given John, Polly, and Peter Craghead two more siblings as well as some half-siblings named Key (to say nothing of three extra marriages).
  3. But there is not PROOF of some of the relationships:
  4. Did Rev Thomas Craighead have a son Robert, and did that son come to America? The answer should be in the Londonderry, Ireland, area, where Rev Thomas was active 1690-1714, where his sister Catherine was married, and where his four known sons were born.
  5. Who was Katherine Ward? Did she die ca 1738? Baltimore Co shows possible parents, Joseph and Brigette Ward; my search was extensive, but not exhaustive. There were Wards in Delaware, Baltimore Co and Gloucester Co.

Another lead is the name Biddeson; if Robert Craghead Sr bound out a five-year-old son, it might well have been to a relative of the child’s mother, the Widow Key, or of his then recent wife Katherine Ward. And I did read of a Capt. Richard Ward Key in Baltimore!

  1. If Robert Craghead Sr was married 3 or 4 times, where is the record of those other than 1736? Delaware between 1715 and 1734, is a possibility, or even Gloucester Co NJ., for the first marriage to Widow Key, who was previously probably Jane Smith.

Although Mrs. W.B. Craghead and her associate were very painstaking, they were limited in not spending great time on original records in Virginia (namely King William and Bedford Counties). I recommend more time there, for the 1735-1770 period. The parents of John, born ca 1748 and Peter, born ca 1750 apparently were there, and footprints are likely.

Etc…. For example, the land sale from John Kay to John Craghead in 1770 in Virginia is very interesting. Being even earlier than the Craghead/Key marriage in 1785, it could shed light on the earlier Craghead/Key marriage.

Where and when did Robert Craghead Sr marry Jemima Robinson? Although 1770 to 1775 seems the logical period, it could easily have been either Maryland or Virginia. Because I searched so hard in Maryland, I tend to suspect Virginia.

  1. Who was the mother of William Key who died 1774 [sic], Gloucester Co NJ, and thereby the first wife of Robert Craghead Sr? A Key family file is available in the Gloucester Co Historical Society library. It mentions the “half-brother” will, but provides no answer, nor does the will. Since the name Smith was not too common in Gloucester County, I suggest a look at Smith records there, since Jane Smith is the likely answer (and two Smith women married Key men).
  2. Why no will in Maryland for Robert Craghead Sr? His death date could have been anywhere in the 1760-85 period. When his wife Jemima died in 1785, she had property, though perhaps it was all from her earlier marriage.

One must examine whether the John Creagatt who died in 1765 in Frederick Co MD, might have been the same person as Robert Craghead Sr (i.e., John Robert Craghead). Since he left a wife Catherine, it cannot be the Robert who married Jemima. John’s will mentions no children, only a wife. But he might have been the father of John, born ca 1748, etc. Or he might have been the father of Robert Craghead Jr, and Catherine might have been Katherine Ward. In general, I reject the possibility of John Creagatt being both John and Robert. If nothing else, no one else in the family in this generation used double given names.

  1. Why no record of death in Maryland for Jemima Robinson’s first husband Richard Robinson? (For many months I thought the 1778 will of a Richard Robinson was his, but when I read it found that not so.) A simple answer to missing records can often be we are looking in the wrong area.
  2. Are there descendants of Jemima Robinson Craghead? Even though one daughter used the name Craighead, it is not sure it was her own. Although I searched for descendants of a Claudius Robinson, a Charlotte and Cornelius Wells, a William and Cordelia Hitchcock, and an Elizabeth Fabel without success, I do feel more search might be rewarding.

Her will lead us to the husband’s names of three daughters, and the sons name as Claudius. A Claudius Robinson appeared in later years in Allegheny Co MD, possibly a son of Claudius. I have tried to trace the Cornelius Wells line, without success, but not in depth. I was unable to find any trace of the Fabel family. The Hitchcock line probably has the most potential.

  1. There remains the fertile area of Scotland, to look for ANY missing Craigheads. To my knowledge, no one has located Rev Thomas Craighead’s grandfather, though several efforts have been made. If the family tree in Scotland were fully charted, who knows what might fall from the branches?

Relationship of early Craigheads in America, as suggested by Dave Casto 1/91 in “Craigheads in Early Maryland”

Rev Thomas Craighead, 1664-1739, md Margaret

*        Robert Craighead, bc 1700 IRE

md (1?) widow Key (Jane Smith Key?)

md (2?) Katherine Ward 1736

md (3?) _____________ ca 1738

md (4?) Jemima Robertson Robinson ca 1765-75

*        Robert, born ca 1734 MD, died ca 1790 NJ

md Maria Cox

Children: Rebecca, Job, William, John, Mary, Joseph

*        John, bc 1740 VA

md (1) ____

md Eliz. Hale

md Betsey Robinson

*        Polly, born ca 1743

  1. John Kemp

*        Peter, born ca 1750 VA, d 1788 VA,

md Mary ___

*        Charlotte, born ca 1765

md Cornelius Wells

*        Thomas Craighead, born ca 1702 IRE

*        Andrew Craighead b____ IRE

*        Rev. Alexander Craighead, b___ IRE

*        John Craighead, b ___ IRE

*        Jane, born ca 1728 IRE

  1. Adam Boyd (Rev.)

[Please note- #3 of Robert Craighead’s wives appears now to be Susan Hail or Hale- A.C.] [I do not agree. Too bad A.C. didn’t give a source. KP]

[1] Will Book 1, pp. 69-70. Franklin County, Virginia. Jane predeceased her father, but daughter Jane Craghead and son-in-law John Craghead are named in the will.

[2] Wingfield, Marshall, Marriage Bonds of Franklin County, Virginia. Memphis, TN, USA: West Tennessee Historical Society, 1939. Ancestry.com.

[3]Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013. Ancestry.com.

[4] Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 9, p. 139. As cited in The Cra(i)ghead Family: VA-MO, 1953, by Mrs. W. B. Craghead and Mrs. F. A. Craighead, p. 410. Downloaded from Internet Archive, 18 Dec 2018.

[5] Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, p. 181, Ancestry.com.

[6] Wingfield, Marshall, An Old Virginia Court: Being a Transcript of the Records of the First Court of Franklin County, Virginia, 1786-1789, p. 117.

[7] Wingfield, Old Virginia, p. 34.

[8] Robert Smith Bryan and Robert Rose, History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri, Bryan, Brandd, and Co: 1876, p.349 (uncertain). Her given name Polly is found in marriage record of Martha Craighead, below.

[9] Dave Casto, “Craigheads in Early Maryland,” Menlo Park, CA, 1991. A transcript of this essay made by A.C. Craighead with a notice and some editing or miscopying follows at the end of this article. In my opinion, the genius of Dave Casto’s work was his taking into account every record he could find in these areas and placing them into a coherent timeline. The tragedy, genealogically speaking, is that during the last several years of my correspondence with him, he was both very busy and undecided about what to do with “about 6 lineal feet, plus several computer floppies…Two loose-leaf volumes of collections of extracts from various publications, newspapers, etc…. Vertical files on the 100 or so major US Craighead branches, containing correspondence with approx. 150 Craighead researchers, and materials they have sent me….”

The present location of that research is unknown to me.

[11] Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 13, p. 181. As cited in The Cra(i)ghead Family: VA-MO, 1953, by Mrs. W. B. Craghead and Mrs. F. A. Craighead, p. 404. Downloaded from Internet Archive, 23 Nov 2018.

[12] James Geddes Craighead, The Craighead family: a genealogical memoir of the descendants of Rev. Thomas and Margaret Craighead, 1658-1876, Philadelphia: 1876. https://archive.org/details/craigheadfamily00craigoog.

[13] For example, Charles Knowles Bolton, Scotch Irish Pioneers in Ulster and America, Boston: 1910, 70-90. Richard Webster, et al, A History of the Presbyterian Church in America: from its origin until the year 1760, J.M. Wilson,

1857, 381-383. Conway Phelps Wing, A History of the First Presbyterian Church of Carlisle, Pa., Carlisle, PA: 1877, 16, 49.

Rev. S.S. Wylie and A. Nevin Pomeroy, History of the Rocky Spring Church and addresses delivered at the centennial anniversary of the present church edifice, 1894, Ancestry.com. Presbyterian Historical Society; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Book Title: Register_Baptisms, Births, Marriages, Deaths_1842-1930; Accession Number: Vault BX 9211.D39711 W52.

[14] Wylie, op. cit., 49.

[15] Excerpt from Alexander G. Lecky, In the Days of the Laggan Presbytery (Davidson & McCormack, Belfast, 1908) at page 142, published by the Hathi Trust Digital Library online at http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008626417. Bass, Jno. M. “Rev. Thomas Craighead.” The American Historical Magazine, vol. 7, no. 1, 1902, pp. 88–96. JSTOR, JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/42657453.

[16] David Dobson, Later Scots-Irish Links, 1575-1725, Part Three, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2003. Online publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.

[17] Scotland, Select Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950. Ancestry.com.

[18] Scotland, Court of SessionMungo Ponton Brown, and William Maxwell Morrison, Supplement to the Dictionary of the decisions of the Court of Session, Volume 4, W. & C. Tait, 1826, p. 137.

[19] Wing, op. cit., 49.

[20] Excerpt from the diary of Joshua Hempstead of New London, Connecticut (New London County Historical Society, 1901) at page 135; published by the University of Connecticut Libraries online at http://archive.org/details/diaryof joshuahem00hemp.

[21] Wing, loc. cit.

[22] Delaware Public Archives; Delaware Land Records; Roll Number: 3. Ancestry.com.

[23] Wylie, loc. cit.

[24] Craighead, op. cit., p. 38.

[25] Warrant Applications, 1733-1952. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania State Archives. Ancestry.com.

[26] Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed 17 December 2018), memorial page for Margaret Holmes Craighead (unknown–1738), Find A Grave Memorial no. 155808531, citing Old White Clay Creek Presbyterian Church Cemetery, New Castle County, Delaware, USA ; Maintained by Hal G. Brown (contributor 47225725).

[27] Wylie, loc. cit.

[28] Wylie, loc. cit.

[29] Henry jones Ford, The Scotch-Irish in America, Princeton: 1915, p. 341.

[30] Wing, loc. cit.

[31] Wing, loc. cit.

[32] Ancestry.com. Maryland, Compiled Marriage Index, 1634-1777 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: Barnes, Robert, compiler. Maryland Marriages, 1634–1777. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., 1975.

[33] In June 1738, “Robert Creaghead, age 5, son of Robert” was bound to Gervase Biddison, in Baltimore Co with consent of his father “to learn him the trade of common weaver”. (Court procedures liber HSW la, p 222).

[34] Virginia Magazine, loc. cit.

[35] Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Historic Pennsylvania Church and Town Records; Reel: 779. Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-2013 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.

[36] Virginia Military Records: From the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, the William and Mary College Quarterly, and Tyler’s Quarterly, Genealogical Publishing Com, 1983, p. 397.

[37] Ancestry.com. New Jersey, Abstract of Wills, 1670-1817 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: New Jersey State Archives. New Jersey, Published Archives Series, First Series. Trenton, New Jersey: John L Murphy Publishing Company.

[38] Ancestry.com. New Jersey, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1643-1890 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999. Original data: Jackson, Ronald V., Accelerated Indexing Systems, comp.. New Jersey Census, 1643-1890. Compiled and digitized by Mr. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes.

[39] Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Historic Pennsylvania Church and Town Records; Reel: 779. Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-2013 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. He was listed as father of Job Craighead.

[40] Casto, op. cit. “The Robert Craghead who married Katherine Ward in Baltimore in 1736, and had a son Robert born ca 1734, would likely have been born prior to 1715. The fact that he bound out his son Robert at age 5 in 1738 might indicate that his wife died by that year. Katherine was probably not the mother of Robert Jr., since he was born two years prior to the marriage, and since other evidence shows the mother of Robert Jr to have been a widow Key.”

[41] In 1740, Susannah Haile, daughter of Nicholas and Ann (Long) Haile of Baltimore, was 13 years old. Robert Craighead, marrying for the third time, was at least 30 and likely older. His son John’s daughter Jane married James Edmonson Haile in Bedford Co VA in 1786, from a totally different Haile family.

[42] Barnes, Robert, compiler. Maryland Marriages, 1634–1777. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., 1975. Ancestry.com.

[43] Kinard, June, ed. Maryland, Colonial Census, 1776 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: Taken from Maryland Colonial Census, 1776 held by the Maryland State Archives.

[44] AncestryDNA.com, matches to Kathy Alvis Patterson.

[45] Amandus Johnson, The Journey and Biography of Nicholas Collin, 1746-1831, Philadelphia: 1936, p. 234

[46] According to his Revolutionary War military records, he was a native of Amherst Co VA, which may indicate a stay of the Craighead family in that part of Virginia before their appearance in Bedford County by 1782. Several family trees at Ancestry.com place John Key as part of an Albemarle Co VA family with no apparent connection to Robert Craighead’s half-brother, William Key.

[47] Craghead and Craighead, op. cit., p.302. The surname Kemp is frequently found as Camp in records of the time.

[48] Craghead and Craighead, op. cit., p.10.

[49] Dodd, Jordan, Liahona Research, comp.. Maryland Marriages, 1655-1850. Ancestry.com.

[50] Year: 1800; Census Place: Baltimore City, Baltimore, Maryland; Series: M32; Roll: 9; Page: 403; Image: 341; Family History Library Film: 193662.

[51] Year: 1810; Census Place: Baltimore Ward 7, Baltimore, Maryland; Roll: 13; Page: 56; Image: 00038; Family History Library Film: 0193666.

[52] 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Washington Ward 5, Washington, District of Columbia; Page: 115; NARA Roll: M33_5; Image: 122.

[53] Casto, op. cit.  ”In Gloucester County, New Jersey, three generations seemed to have consistently used Kay, and the next generation switched mostly to Key.” See also Encyclopedia of Massachusetts, biographical–genealogical; (Volume 4) Pages 101 – 103 Document Source American Historical Society Cutter, William Richard, 1847-1918 Publisher: New York, Boston The American historical society (inc.). “The name interchangeably Kaye, Key, and Kay is of early record.”

[54] Ancestry.com. West Yorkshire, Non-Conformist Records, 1646-1985 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: West Yorkshire Nonconformist Records. Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds, and Wakefield, England: West Yorkshire Archive Service.

[55] Swarthmore College; Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; Marriage Certificates, 1694-1848; Collection: Quaker Meeting Records; Call Number: MR-PH-139. Ancestry.com. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.

[56] Haines, Richard. Genealogy of the Stokes Family, Descended from Thomas and Mary Stokes Who Settled in Burlington County, N.J. Camden, NJ, USA: Sinnickson Chew & Sons Company, Printers, 1903, pages 44-46. Some Kay family birthdates given in this book do not coincide with dates in the Quaker records.

[57] Ancestry.com. U.S., Hinshaw Index to Selected Quaker Records, 1680-1940 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012 Original data: Hinshaw, William Wade. William Wade Hinshaw’s Index to Unpublished Quaker Records. Swarthmore, Pennsylvania: Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College.

[58] Swarthmore College; Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; Women’s Minutes, 1698-1737; Collection: Quaker Meeting Records; Call Number: MR-PH 243. Ancestry.com. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.

[59] Profession as used here means religious doctrine, not occupation.

[60] Swarthmore College; Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; Minutes, 1710-1731; Collection: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Minutes; Call Number: MR-Ph 240. Ancestry.com. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.

[61] Haverford College; Haverford, Pennsylvania; Minutes, 1710-1731; Collection: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Minutes; Call Number: P2.9.1. Ancestry.com. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.

[62] Swarthmore College; Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; Minutes, 1710-1731; Collection: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Minutes; Call Number: MR-Ph 240. Ancestry.com. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.

[63] Haverford College; Haverford, Pennsylvania; Minutes, 1710-1731; Collection: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Minutes; Call Number: P2.9.1. Ancestry.com. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.

[64] Haverford College; Haverford, Pennsylvania; Minutes, 1681-1741; Collection: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Minutes. Ancestry.com. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Births are on page 111, four deaths on 112.

[65] Haines, loc. cit.

[66] Ancestry.com. New Jersey, Compiled Marriage Records, 1684-1895 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001. Original data: Dodd, Jordan, Liahona Research, comp. New Jersey Marriages, 1684-1895.

[67] New Jersey, Abstract of Wills, loc. cit.

Published on November 28, 2018 at 2:36 pm  Comments Off on CRAIGHEAD, Robert, Sr., of Baltimore and Virginia  
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