Edward Pedigo was born 24 Dec 1732 in Baltimore, Maryland. He died Barren Co KY, 26 Apr 1834, and was buried in Pleasant Hill cemetery, now Metcalfe Co KY. A gravestone was erected by the WPA at Old Mulkey Cemetery, Monroe Co KY.
Evidence (their birthdates and places, the names they gave their children— Henry, Amy, Joseph, even the fact of having a stepmother) indicates that brothers Edward and Robert Pedigo were the sons of Henry and Amy (Green) Peregoy. The two marriage records of Henry Peregoy are extant and available online at Shorewoodplace. Henry married Amy Green, 16 Feb 1716. And he married Providence Corbin, Jan 1745. A family tradition states that Robert and Edward, the youngest sons of their father’s first marriage, ran away from a cruel stepmother, moving from Baltimore to southwestern Virginia.
Before Edward and Robert left Maryland for Virginia, they belonged to a family, which had been in Baltimore since 1695. The founder of this family in America was “Joseph Peregois, a Frenchman being of full age, bound to Robert Burman for 5 years in MD, 21 Jul 1685.” He was in Baltimore County by 1692 as a taxable in the household of Edward Mumford, on the north side of Patapsco Hundred, and owned 100 acres of Burman’s Forest. He died on August 9, 1720 in Baltimore, Baltimore Co MD.
A Chancery Court Record Liber PL, folio 103 gives a deposition of Joseph Peregoy 4 Dec 1714 states he was age 49 years, that his father-in-law 22 years ago allegedly said that if [a survey of] Upper Spring Neck was run out [in a line], it would take in William Williams’s orchard and kitchen, and that his father-in-law had been one to carry the chain when the surveying was done. Joseph Peregois, the immigrant, was married to Sarah Mumford, daughter of Edward Mumford, about 1691/92 in Baltimore Co MD. It is evident that Joseph and Sarah were married by 1692 when his father-in-law told Joseph the boundaries of Upper Spring Neck. Sarah Mumford was born in 1672 in Baltimore, Maryland. A Chancery Court Record Liber P.L. Folio 104 gives the deposition of Sarah Peregoy, age 42 years, who stated that her father Edward Mumford told her 30 years ago about the boundaries of a piece of land ‘Spring Neck’ he had taken up at the first boundary of William Pearle’s land, 50 acres. This deposition is dated 3 Jan, 1714, thus dating Sarah Mumford’s birth year as 1672. She died in Baltimore, Baltimore Co MD.
Four children have been identified as the offspring of Joseph and Sarah: Edward, Joseph, Henry, and a daughter named Frances. Henry was born ca 1695 in Baltimore. He married first Amy Green, 16 Feb 1716, and second, Providence Corbin, on 24 Nov 1745. The big issue in Pedigo genealogy is the need for proof of the relationship between Henry Peregoy and the brothers Edward and Robert Pedigo. The clearest evidence is that both brothers named children Amy, Henry and Joseph. The stepmother stories may be based on fact, but date from many years later and first appear in written form in the 1924 letter cited here. Records exist for both of Henry’s marriages. His will (dated 11 Feb 1765) lists only the daughter (Mary Tracy) of his second marriage. A Pedigo pedigree (1903) based on Bible of John Pedigo (1796-1869) attributes five sons to Henry, including Edward and Robert; the Bible has disappeared.
The earliest evidence of Edward and his brother Robert in Virginia is implied in their marriages and oldest children. I do not have any direct evidence of their birth dates, although they must have been born before their father’s second marriage. Both Edward and Robert had children born in the early 1760s and grandchildren by the 1790s.
Under the spelling Edward “Pediford,” Edward served in the American Revolutionary War, as a private in Capt. Charles Fleming’s Co, 7th Virginia Regiment of Foot, commanded by Alexander McClenacham, 1 Dec 1777 to 1 May 1778. He enlisted 13 Feb 1777 for one year. Then he re-enlisted in Capt. Henry Young’s Company of the 3d and 7th Virginia Regiment of Foot; a company muster roll was dated White Plains NY, 4 Aug 1778. One 9 Jan 1779, Edward re-enlisted for the duration of the war. The last extant muster roll was dated 9 Dec 1779, near Morristown NJ.
Land Office MilitaryWarrant No. 2233, was received for Edward Pediford (Pedigo) on 12 Jan 1784 from Commonwealth of Virginia, 100 acres for his three years’ Revolutionary War service as soldier (private) in the Virginia Continental Line.
In a 1787 tax list for Henry Co VA, the names Edward Peregoy, Robert Peregau and Joseph Peregoy occur. Both Edward and Robert had eldest sons named Joseph, probably for their grandfather, Joseph Peregoy, and it is not known which Joseph was intended.
Edward’s wife Hannah is identified by name, but as Hannah Pedigo, not by maiden name, in a Patrick Co VA Deed Book, pp. 282-283, 14 Sep 1809.
Edward signed his name on the consent for his daughter Bathsheba’s marriage to Nathaniel Cockran (called Nathan Cockrum) in 1798.
Everyone, including the DAR, has the same list of his children. I do not know where it originated, possibly John Pedigo’s Bible. Edward and Hannah’s grandson Edward, a son of Joseph and Dolly Edwards, wrote a Pioneer Story, 1894, telling of his family’s move to KY, 1805. Several early Pedigo documents have both useful information and serious error. The DAR accepted, for example, an incorrect claim that Edward was born in France.
The children of Edward and Hannah were:
1. Joseph PEDIGO. Born on 3 May 1761 in Halifax Co VA. Joseph died in Barren Co KY, on 14 May 1833. In 1782 when Joseph was 20, he married Dorothy EDWARDS in Halifax Co VA. She was born in Oct 1765 in Halifax Co VA and was not apparently related to Keziah’s husband, James Edwards or to Elizabeth’s husband, William Edwards. Dorothy died in Barren Co KY, in 1831. They had the following children:
i. Mary Ann (ca1785-)
ii. Elizabeth (1787-)
iii. James Albert (1789-)
iv. William Civil Billy (1791-)
v. Joseph (ca1794-)
vi. Col. John P (1796-1869)
vii. Henry Clay (1798-)
viii. Nancy (1803-)
ix. Edward (1805-1894)
2. Levi PEDIGO. Born in 1763 in Halifax Co VA. Levi died in Barren Co KY, on 21 Aug 1816; he was 53. In 1780s when Levi was 17, he first married Mary NEWLAND (or Nowlin) in VA. Born ca 1767, Mary died in Henry Co VA, ca 1796/97; she was 29.
They had the following children:
i. Sallie (ca1787-)
ii. William (<1791->1845)
iii. Henry (1791-ca1812)
iv. James (ca1793-ca1813)
v. Joshua W (1793->1853)
vi. Joseph (Died as Infant) (1794-ca1794)
vii. Elizabeth (1795-1850)
On 14 Dec 1797 when Levi was 34, he second married Mary Blakey EDENS, daughter of John EDENS & Nancy (PATTERSON? BLAKEY?), in Patrick Co VA. Born on 24 Dec 1776 in VA, Mary Blakey died in Barren Co KY, on 1 May 1830; she was 53. They had the following children:
i. John Patterson (1800-1873)
ii. Mary Blakey (1801-1822)
iii. Levi E (1802-1850)
iv. Agnes (1804-1873)
v. Nancy F (1805-)
vi. Lucy (1807-ca1860)
vii. Elijah (1809-1906)
viii. Jesse Sharp (1812-1888)
3. Henry PEDIGO was born in 1765 in Halifax Co VA. Henry died in Barren Co KY, on 20 Oct 1810. On 23 Oct 1790 when Henry was 25, he married Leah COCHRAN in Franklin Co VA. Born on 23 Nov 1770 in Franklin Co VA. They had the following children:
i. Thomas Jefferson (1796-)
ii. Jesse B (1794-1863)
4. Abel PEDIGO. Born in 1770 in Pittsylvania Co VA, Abel died in Patrick Co VA, before Dec 1847. On 17 Sep 1792 when Abel was 22, he married Susannah ROSS in Patrick Co VA. They had the following children:
i. Lewis R (1794-)
ii. Daniel Robert (1798-)
iii. Elijah Bluford (1800-)
iv. Churchill R (ca1802-)
v. Mary R (1806-)
vi. Elizabeth (ca1808-)
vii. Docia R (ca1811-)
5. Elizabeth PEDIGO was born in 1773 in Pittsylvania Co VA. On 18 Mar 1793 when Elizabeth was 20, she married William EDWARDS in Franklin Co VA. He was born ca 1757 and not apparently related to Joseph’s wife, Dolly Edwards or to Keziah’s husband, James Edwards.
6. Bathsheba PEDIGO was born in 1778 in Henry Co VA. On 12 Jan 1798, she married Nathaniel COCHRAN in Patrick Co VA. Born ca 1765 in Henry Co VA. Nathaniel died in Patrick Co KY, on 19 May 1860; he was 95. They had the following children:
i. Spencer (ca1799-)
ii. Mary (ca1805-)
iii. Lucinda (ca1805-)
iv. Olivia (ca1809-)
v. Oney (ca1810-)
vi. Hannah (ca1811-1868)
7. Elijah PEDIGO. Born in 1780 in Henry Co VA. On 3 Jan 1805 when Elijah was 25, he married Sally HALL. Elijah and Sally, with their only child, drowned while crossing the Smith River.
8. Lucy PEDIGO. Born in 1783 in Henry Co VA. Lucy died in Floyd Co VA, ca 1850. On 25 Mar 1801 when Lucy was 18, she married Jesse CLARK in Patrick Co VA. Born in 1783 in Henry Co VA. Jesse died in Patrick Co VA, in Sep 1829.
9. Elkin PEDIGO. Born in 1784 in Henry Co VA, Elkin died in Wayne Co MO, after 1840. On 20 Sep 1805 when Elkin was 21, he first married Martha HARRIS in Patrick Co VA. Born ca 1789 in VA. Martha died in Wayne Co KY, after 1850. They were divorced in 1828 in KY. Elkin second married Jane WILSON.
10. Hannah PEDIGO. Born in 1785 in Henry Co VA. On 27 Oct 1807 when Hannah was 22, she married John REEVES in Patrick Co VA.
11. John PEDIGO. Born on 14 Oct 1788 in Henry Co VA. John died in Green Co IN, in 1867. On 29 Dec 1810 when John was 22, he married Frances HILL in Barren Co KY. Born on 23 Feb 1787 in Maryland, Frances died in Worthington, Green Co IN, ca 1857.
12. Nancy E PEDIGO. Born in 1789 in Henry Co VA. In Sep 1807, she married John SNEED in Patrick Co VA. Born on 20 Feb 1781. John died in Patrick Co VA, on 21 Dec 1855; he was 74. Confusing claims have been made that she also married a John Tuggle, but this appears doubtful.
13. Amy PEDIGO. Born in 1790 in Patrick Co VA. On 20 Jan 1819, she married Benjamin HARDY in Barren Co KY.
14. Keziah PEDIGO. Born in 1792 in Patrick Co VA. Keziah died before 1835. On 16 Feb 1809 Keziah first married James EDWARDS in Patrick Co VA. He was born ca 1790 in NC and was not apparently related to Joseph’s wife, Dolly Edwards or to Elizabeth’s husband, William Edwards. They had one child known by me:
i. Elizabeth Lorane (ca1792-)
On 25 Feb 1815 when Keziah was 23, she second married William BELLAIR (or Bell) in Barren Co KY.
© 2008, Kathy Alvis Patterson
. “Memorial Stone at Old Mulkey Cemetery, Monroe Co KY and Old Mulkey Meeting House ~ It is believed this memorial stone was erected as part of a W.P.A. project that commemorated Revolutionary War soldiers of the area. The actual grave of Revolutionary War Ancestor, Edward Pediford (“Grandsire Ned” Pedigo), is believed to be near Randolph, Metcalfe Co KY, in a small family cemetery, under a tree with his grave marked only by a river stone.” The Pedigo family cemetery is believed to be the actual cemetery where Edward Peregoy/Pediford/Pedigo is buried, along with many of his descendants. From known information and that passed down, this cemetery could have had as many as 50 burials. After falling out of Pedigo ownership, this cemetery was leveled with a bulldozer and the stones plowed into a ravine in the pasture.
 John Paul Grady, “Edward Pedigo-Hannah Elkin family group sheet,” supplied 11 Jan 1967 by Grady (1805 Western Drive, Midland TX). This FGS lists only “Family Bible, census, various sources” as references. See
for more information.
 Excerpts from a letter by Lewis Gravely Pedigo, 17 Jan 1924. Many researchers have transcripts of this letter; I received mine from Beverly Bean (667 LeBaron Av, Pontiac MI 48058), 1 Feb 1987 to Kathy Patterson, with computer printout of records. It is also available online at
: “The Story of the Two Pedigo Brothers Robert ‘Robin’ and Edward ‘Ned’ (Peregoy) as written by Lewis Gravely Pedigo (1858-1938)
Roanoke, Virginia January 17, 1924
Mrs. G. E. Miley 2705 Griffin Avenue Richmond, Virginia
Dear Mrs. Miley:
Some time ago I promised to write you some account of my family name, and to explain to you the connection between it and your maiden name, Peregoy. In my own immediate family there is a well-defined tradition that two young sons of Henry Peregoy, near Annapolis MD, ran away from their home and never returned. These two boys were named Robert, or Robin, and Edward, or Edwin, and were respectively twelve and eight years of age. They explained to their immediate descendants that they fled from the oppressions of a tyrannical stepmother. I can give you only one side of the question, as I have never had the advantage of hearing the stepmother’s version of the affair. The story goes that this stepmother was a devotee of fashion and of the gaieties of society and that she pressed the two stepsons into all sorts of menial service and did not give them any opportunity of education. Under the stress of this situation the older boy, Robert, being sent to drive in a herd of milk cows one afternoon, failed to return. Later, he began worrying about the younger brother, whom he had left under the tender mercies of the dreaded stepmother. He went back and succeeded in getting a clandestine interview with the younger brother, then only eight years of age, and persuaded him to go with him.
An interesting item in the story is that the stepmother was especially proud of her fair and beautiful complexion and, among other cosmetic precautions, she usually set aside a jug of milk with which to wash her face the next morning. The two boys, before their final departure, gathered up a lot of green walnuts, squeezed the juice from them and poured it in the jug of milk, and shook it up. I have always regretted that they did not have the nerve to hang around and observe the effect of that mixture on the complexion of the lady and report it to their posterity.
The two brothers wandered as far as the York River Valley in Virginia, remaining there until they were grown men. Then they worked their way through the wilderness to the South Piedmont Region of Virginia to the locality now covered by Henry and Patrick Counties. They were among the pioneers in that region and took up large areas of land under royal grants. Robert settled on the North side and Edward on the South side of Smith’s River. Any well-informed surveyor in Henry County to this day can point out a very ancient tree known as Pedigo’s Corner. This Colonial landmark is on Mulberry Creek near the town of Martinsville, Virginia. Robert Peregoy, or Pedigo, as the name came to be spelled in that generation, made his home on the watershed of the Leatherwood Creeks. He lived in this locality through the period of the Revolution. He did not fight in the Revolution, would not fight, and if he had fought he would have fought on the English side. In fact he was so strong a Tory in his convictions that he would not even allow his horse or gun to be used in the Revolutionary cause.
The evolution of the name Pedigo received a new impetus at this time. In investigating some old records in Henry County, I find one deed to my great-grandfather Robert in which the family name is spelled five different ways, for example, Peregoy, Peregory, Pedigoy, Pedigoe, and Pedigo. His eldest son was Henry, his son John F., and I, Lewis G. Pedigo, am the son of John F.
All the Pedigos in the South are descended from these two runaway children…
At some time in the near future I may write you a brief supplement to this imperfect sketch and in any case I shall take pleasure in sending you an exact copy of the Perigord coat-of-arms. Sincerely your cousin, LGP
 Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army during the Revolu-tionary War. National Archives Microfilm, Record Group 93, M881, Roll 995, VA 5th & 11th Regiment. See also Edward Pedigo, NSDAR Lineage Book 4:252. NSDAR #159045. NSDAR #578804, and lineage application of Katherine Alvis Patterson, national no. 554801, National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, supplemental (Edward Pedigo/Pediford), “Add” volume 822, approved 2000. Also, L.G. Tyler, Men of Mark in Virginia, 4:326, and
Jillson, Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds, page 354.
. There is a lot of what I am tempted to call foolishness in this letter, but maybe in another century people will call my studies the same thing.